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Balance and Skew Specifications for Multiple Gigabit Copper Interconnects
Keywords: Copper Interconnect, Skew, Balance
Copper Interconnects continue to evolve as cost effective transmission media options for multiple gigabit networking applications and device-to-device connections. Considerations for the design tradeoffs between added transceiver complexity and tighter transmission media specifications have led to the need to further investigate differential transmission asymmetries and balance. Abstract: The paper will investigate deviations from the expected insertion loss of symmetrically balanced differential pairs as related to the balance and skew characteristics of the copper interconnect. The system impact of the loss deviations will be considered by association to eye pattern degradation and the bit error ratio (BER) for various multiple gigabit signaling rates. In addition, specifications for balance and skew, including measurement methods, will be considered as related to the insertion loss deviations and their impact to system performance.
Christopher DiMinico, Consultant
Leoni High Speed Cables
Chelmsford, MA

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