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Intelligent Power Grid Simulation Hardware Design
Keywords: Power Grid, Hardware Design, Automated centralized system
Presently power distribution companies implement various decentralized systems that require human control interface. These systems are historically susceptible to inefficiencies, failures and human error as seen in recent years. The growing consensus among our elected leaders is that energy independence demands a more intelligent power distribution grid in addition to traditional green initiatives. A smart power distribution grid will allow consumers to better utilize small scale generation techniques and will help provide a more economically viable solution than currently exists. We propose a simplified automated centralized system to handle the decisions controlling power flow, generation and real time billing. The system will be intelligent, there will be communication between the stakeholders of the system to help regulate power flow. Power flow is monitored at the end user level to better manage the load and provide real time pricing to the consumer. Signals indicating power load levels and projected power demand are monitored by the system monitor (SM). The SM regulates the entire system by sending signals to the generation systems which determine the optimum power generation level. If the peak sourcing level is exceeded or its minimum threshold is reached, the SM will determine the required load shedding or balancing activities. The end users’ power load level signal is also relayed to real time billing. This helps create incentives to shift demand to off peak load periods such as in the middle of the night. The system monitor generates a system clock and controls memory access using a token method to manage memory and CPU utilization. MOVED FROM POWER MANAGEMENT TO EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES 5-4-09.
John Browne, Student
Temple University
Philadelphia , PA

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