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|AUTHOR WITHDREW 8-11-11: Remateable Conductive Ball-in-Pit Interconnects for Chip Powering and Alignment in Proximity Communication Enabled Multi-Chip Packages|
|Keywords: Proximity Communications, 3D Interconnect, Chip powering|
|AUTHOR WITHDREW 8-11-11: Proximity Communications (PxC) based on capacitive, inductive or optical signaling is a promising technology for low-power, low-latency, and high bandwidth-density chip-to-chip communications. In a simple PxC package, two chips (“islands”), attached to a substrate, may be interconnected via a third chip (“bridge”) that attaches face-to-face with the islands, is powered directly by them and communicates off-chip solely via PxC. Such a planar packaging approach may be extended to build large-array multi-chip packages containing several islands interconnected by PxC-enabled bridge chips. Any practical implementation of such a PxC-enabled package requires a complementary interconnect solution for powering the bridge chips. Additionally, PxC demands tight alignment between overlapping PxC I/O pairs to minimize signal loss and channel crosstalk. We present a novel interconnect technology, called Conductive Ball-in-Pit (CBiP) that can simultaneously power bridge chips via the island chips, and enable self-alignment between packaged chips. The CBiP structure comprises high-precision metalized inverse pyramidal pits microfabricated at the wafer-scale in designated matching locations on the chips to be assembled. The pits on one layer are then populated with conductive microspheres (diameter ≥100μm). During assembly, the bridge chip need only be placed within half the ball diameter for the chips to self-align and be locked into position laterally. An external clamp can then be used to hold the chip-stack and also provide force for a compression electrical contact. As, the CBiP is not a permanently attached interconnect, chips may be swapped out with repeatable high-accuracy alignment. We have successfully demonstrated electrical conduction between chips using CBiP interconnects in a 3-chip test-vehicle. The CBiP interconnects were measured to have a low resistance of 57mOhm and able to carry >1.5A of dc current. In another experiment, a bridge chip was measured to self-align within 2μm of the target location. The details of test-vehicle design, fabrication and characterization are presented in this paper.|
|Hiren D. Thacker, Principal Hardware Engineer
San Diego, CA