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Nanocomposite Film Dielectrics for High Temperature Power Conditioning Capacitors
Keywords: fluorenone polyester, capacitor, composite dielectric
Emerging power electronics in a broad range of military, aerospace, hybrid vehicle, renewable energy and down-hole drilling applications rely on advances in dielectric materials for capacitors. Compact capacitors possessing low dielectric loss and high operating temperature capability are needed for power conditioning in advanced converter and inverter designs for these applications. Wound film capacitors represent the preferred capacitor technology but are limited by low operating temperature capabilities, < 150 degC, and low volumetric efficiency, capacitance per unit volume less than 1.0 uF/cc. TPL is developing processes and manufacturing techniques for fabrication of advanced capacitor films comprised of high temperature polymers modified with ceramic nanoparticles. The selected polymers enable high temperature operation and the ceramic nanoparticles enhance volumetric efficiency by increasing the dielectric constant. The fabricated films are directly adaptable to conventional wound film capacitor construction methodologies. This paper provides an overview of TPL's recent development progress on performance and fabrication aspects of a film dielectric material system comprised of fluorenone polyester polymer and titanate nanoparticle filler. The fluorenone polyester polymer was selected to provide a stable operating temperature of at least 300 degC, while the addition of the titanate powder increases the dielectric constant and, in turn, the volumetric efficiency of wound film capacitors constructed with this film system. The targeted device for the film is a 500 to 800 V filter capacitor for high temperature power conditioning applications.
Kirk Slenes, Vice President, Capacitance Products
TPL Inc.
Albuquerque, NM

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