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Modeling in the Cloud: Web Hosted CPI Modeling for Fabless Design Houses and OSATs Method for Mechanical Stress Simulation Across the Chip & Package Domains in 3D IC's
Keywords: Mechanical Stress, Modeling, Chip-Package Interaction
Chip-Package Interaction (CPI) is a significant concern for modern electronic devices and this concern is magnified for 3D Stacked IC. Hard bumps, soft dielectrics, thin die and complex geometries of the stacked die require an ability to model and evaluate the interactions and risks. In packaged IC, dissimilar materials along with the thermal history during the assembly process results in significant residual stresses. These stresses can impact process yields, reliability and die electrical performance. Traditionally modeling and evaluation of these risks have been handled by different groups/companies (foundry, OSAT, Fabless Device Mfg) and have been hindered by the difficulty of using different tools and more importantly collaborating without revealing proprietary models and process information/recipes. In this paper we present a modeling flow which incorporates a interface between the tools traditionally used for both package and silicon modeling. This is accomplished by utilizing Boundary Conditions (BC's) to act as a hand-off between the two simulation tools. A package level modeling approach is developed incorporating package assembly processes to predict residual stresses at the end of package assembly process. It allows flexibility in selecting boundaries at chip-package interface and then the extraction of BC's necessary for die and transistor level simulations. These boundaries for Chip-Package Interaction are selected by the device manufacturer and the output from this simulation is fed into device level simulations. To provide flexibility for the user and to attain quick turnaround time, a web hosted interface is enabled to run package simulations online. Examples are presented to demonstrate the influence and impacts of materials, process recipes and chip/package design; including an example of the flow from package level through silicon electrical level.
Mark Nakamoto, Sr. Staff Engineering
San Diego, CA

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