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|Class-I and Class-II Ceramic Capacitors for High Temperature Applications|
|Keywords: Ceramic Capacitor, C0G X7R, Class-I Class-II Capacitor|
|There is a growing need for ceramic capacitors for applications at temperatures of 150°C or above, such as electronics for down-hole drilling and exploration, geothermal energy generation and power electronics. Conventional X7R and X8R type ceramic capacitors are designed for applications up to 125°C and 150°C, respectively. At temperatures above 150°C, these types of capacitors typically suffer from degradation of reliability performance and severe reduction in capacitance, especially under DC bias conditions. Recently, a Class-I C0G dielectric has been developed using Nickel electrodes for high temperature application up to 200°C and beyond. Due to its linear dielectric nature, this material exhibits highly stable capacitance as a function of temperature and voltage. Multi-layer ceramic capacitors (MLCC) made from this material can be qualified as X9G with robust reliability. We have also developed a modified-X7R dielectric composition with nickel internal electrodes to design robust reliability in this Class-II dielectric at 175°C. This paper will report electrical properties and reliability test data on these Class-I C0G and Class-II ceramic capacitors at high temperatures of 150-200°C and above.|
|Abhijit Gurav, Vice President, Ceramic Technology
KEMET Electronics Corporation