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Design of optimum plate-fin applicable for natural convection augmentation
Keywords: Heat fin sinks, air-cooled, natural convection
This paper performs a comparative study of heat sink having various profiles. Namely Rectangular, Trapezoidal and inverted Trapezoidal (so-called dovetail fin) which are the commonly used devices for enhancing heat transfer in electronic components. The main purpose of this research is to present a best possible Heat Sink for efficient cooling of electronic devices. Natural convection is observed when density gradients are present in a fluid acted upon by a gravitational field. Heat produced by electronic devices and circuitry must be self-indulgent to improve reliability and prevent premature failure. Integrated circuit such as CPUs, chips, graphic cards, and hard disc drives are susceptible to temporary malfunction or permanent failure if overheated. The idea is quite simple and at no additional cost. Moreover, the design is passive and no additional maintenance is needed. Simulation was done at different heat load of 3W, 5W, 10W, 15W and 20W. Experimental investigations were also performed in order to validate the proposed model; test results indicate that the dovetail fin shows better heat transfer coefficient. This is associated with its higher mean temperature difference. From the experiments Nu was determined as a function of Ra at Pr= 0.7 for an orientation with Ra ranging between (59700 and 344960). From the results; Heat transfer coefficient from of the rectangular fins is higher by (89%) than the heat transfer coefficient of the trapezoidal fins while the heat transfer of the inverted trapezoidal fins is higher than the trapezoidal one by (121%), which implies that the heat transfer of the inverted trapezoidal fins is higher by (108%) than the rectangular fins. Orientation affected the temperature distribution along the fins, therefore the temperature along the inverted trapezoidal fins has the best performance with uniform distribution, while the temperature in the trapezoidal fins increased in the positions near the base plate surface because of the complication in moving the heated air.
Roody CHARLES, Student
National Chiao Tung University
Hsinchu, Zhudong

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