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Evaluation of a Lead-Free Ultra Low Fire Ceramic (ULTCC) Tape Designed for Lamination on Aluminum Substrates and a Compatible Co-Fireable Silver
Keywords: Thick Film, LTCC, LED
Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are the product of choice for many commercial and industrial lighting applications. Due to increasing power densities, alternative mounting solutions are being evaluated in order to achieve the lowest junction temperatures and lowest thermal resistances. Previous papers have explored the benefits of using a thick film system as opposed to a traditional Metal Core Printed Circuit Board (MCPCB). The advantage of being able to directly insulate a heat sink eliminates additional MCPCB layers and mechanical attachment that can decrease the thermal conductivity of the module and increase cost. Lower thermal resistance results in higher performing LED modules at a lower cost and a longer lifetime. A process has been developed and evaluated where an ultra-low temperature co-fired ceramic (ULTCC) tape will be laminated directly on to an aluminum heat sink in order to electrically isolate the substrate. The green tape will then have a silver conductor applied to it and fired in one step. Using a tape system as opposed to an ink system creates many advantages. The tape system allows for processing in cavities, which is beneficial for recessed lighting and three-dimensional substrates. The co-firing silver conductor reduces the number of firing steps, leading to less dimensional variation of the heat sink and lower processing costs. This paper will discuss the material solutions, processing requirements, and reliability data for a completely co-fired ULTCC system on Aluminum.
Steven Grabey, Research Engineer
Heraeus Electronics
West Conshohocken, PA

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