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Assembly Equipment Requirements for Next Generations Advanced Packaging
Keywords: Advanced Packaging, Fan-out packaging, Thermocompression bonding
Device packaging is undergoing a proliferation of assembly options within the ever-expanding category of Advanced Packaging. Fan Out-Wafer Level Packages are achieving wide adoption based on improved performance and reduced package size and new System in Package products are coming to market in FOWLP, 2.5D and 3D package formats with the full capability to leverage heterogeneous integration in small package profiles. While the wide-spread adoption of thermocompression bonding and 2.5D packages predicted several years ago has not materialized to the extent predicted, advanced memory modules assembled by TCB are in high volume manufacturing, as are some high-end GPUs with integrated memory on Si interposer. High accuracy flip chip has been pushed to fine pitches that were difficult to imagine only three years ago and innovation in substrates and bonder technology is pushing the throughput and pitch capability even further. The packaging landscape, once dominated by a few large assembly providers, now includes turn-key packaging initiatives from the foundries with an expanding set of fan-out packing options. The fan-out processes include face-up and face-down methods, die first and die last methods and 2.5D or 3D package options. Selection of the most appropriate packaging technology from the combined aspects of electrical performance, form-factor, yield and cost presents a complex problem with considerable uncertainty and high risk for capital investment. To address this problem, the industry demands flexible manufacturing solutions that can be modified and upgraded to accommodate a changing assembly environment. This presentation will present the assembly process flows for various packaging options and discuss the key aspects of the process that influence throughput, accuracy and other key quality metrics, such as package warpage. These process flows in turn impose design constraints on submodules of the bonder. It will be shown that a thoughtfully designed machine architecture allows for interchangeable and upgradeable submodules that can support nearly the entire range of assembly options. As an example, a nimble, low weight, medium force, constant heat bondhead for high throughput FOWLP can be interchanged with a high force, pulse heater bondhead to support low stress/low warpage thermocompression bonding. The various configuration options for a flexible advanced packaging bonder will be reviewed along with the impact of configuration changes on throughput and accuracy.
Bob Chylak, Vice President, Global Process Engineering
Kulicke and Soffa Industries, Inc.
Fort Washington, PA

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