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Application of Portable Nanogenerator Using Friction Charging
Keywords: nanogenerator, friction charging, energy harvesting
To overcome the limitation of the battery life for portable electronics, the triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG), a new energy harvesting technology in the spotlight, has been demonstrated as a self-charging solution. However, it is difficult to combine TENGs with existing portable devices because of shape differences between the TENG based charging system and electronic devices. In this study, we successfully developed an elastic spiral triboelectric nanogenerator (ES-TENG) with cylindrical shape connected to a plate. With the flat plate substrate, devices can be attached easily to the plate and ES-TENG can work as a self-powered case accessory. The elastic sheet inside ES-TENG can generate multiple alternating current outputs during both extraction and self-retraction processes. As the elastic sheet is the key to ES-TENG, it is analyzed through dynamic motion of the elastic sheet. Furthermore, we propose fabrication guidelines for ES-TENG, depending on the size of portable electronics and based on the properties of the sheet. We demonstrate the possibility of ES-TENG as a self-charging case accessory that can light 120 white LEDs and power an engineering calculator and a rechargeable Ni-MH battery. Thus, our study is a potential energy harvesting package system for conventional portable electronics.
Dongseob Kim, Senior Researcher
Yeongcheon-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do

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