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IMAPS 2012 - San Diego
45th International Symposium on Microelectronics
Bringing Together The Entire Microelectronics Supply Chain!

September 9 - 13, 2012
San Diego Town & Country Convention Center
San Diego, California, USA

IMAPS 2012 - San Diego

Conference and Exhibition:
September 11-13, 2012
Professional Development Courses:
September 9 - 10, 2012

All About San Diego

Things To Do In San Diego:

Visitors to San Diego have a dazzling array of choices to make. Between the natural beauty of the beaches, parks, countless shopping and dining options, and a bustling nightlife, there's a world of possibilities.

Take Advantage of “All that Water”
Depending on your skill level and the size of your party, you can rent anything from a single or double kayak or a people-powered paddle boat to a fast-moving sailboard, personal watercraft, or sailboat at one of the many boat rental places in and around Mission Bay. Several of the larger hotels, including the Bahia, the Catamaran, and Paradise Point, have rental facilities, as do the Mission Bay Sports Center at Santa Clara Point and Seaforth Boat Rental at Quivira Basin. Be sure to bring along some bottled water and plenty of sunscreen; San Diego sunlight can be intense year-round.

The San Diego Zoo
With approximately 4,000 animals on more than 100 lushly-planted acres, the best way to get your bearings is with a narrated tour on a double-decker bus. Your ticket is also good for an express bus that makes stops throughout the Zoo, so you can hop on and off at various points. Another great idea: an aerial tram ride providing a fantastic overview of the entire area. In addition to the Zoo's famous pandas, on loan from the People's Republic of China, top exhibits include the Polar Bear Plunge and Hippo Beach (both enclosures offer underwater vantage points); the brand new Monkey Trails exhibit, home to many endangered species; and the tropical jungle environs of Tiger River.

Sea World
Just about everyone has heard of Sea World and its famous killer whales. And while the Shamu shows remain popular with fans of all ages, the park has plenty more to offer. One of the best ways to experience Sea World is with a one-hour, behind-the-scenes tour that gives you a VIP view of animal housing and training facilities and research areas. (Other personalized tours are available as well. See Web site for details; tours should be booked in advance.) Then, be sure to check out favorite attractions like the delightful Penguin Encounter; Forbidden Reef, home to gentle bay rays you can touch and feed; Shark Encounter, where a walk-through, Plexiglas tube takes you into the midst of hundreds of sharks; and dozens of other exhibits and shows. Dining options range from snacks and fast food to sit-down restaurants.

Coronado Island
The island (actually, a peninsula) of Coronado is the location of one of the nation's loveliest beaches. Named one of the top 10 in America by the Travel Channel, Coronado Beach is family-friendly and well-patrolled by lifeguards. Here, you can swim, play volleyball, build a sandcastle, or simply relax. The most popular stretch of sand is known as Central Beach, adjacent to the historic Hotel Del Coronado. Constructed in 1888, the charming red-roofed hotel has hosted numerous presidents and celebrities. To the north, the beach offers a designated area where dog owners can let their pets romp in the surf, while to the south, the Shores area is a popular spot for bodyboarding.

Downtown San Diego – A Little Bit of Everything
Depending on your interests, you can sightsee, shop, stroll, see a movie, dine, or dance into the night. Your first stop should be Horton Plaza, a multi-story, open air mall known for its eclectic architecture, people-watching opportunities and more than 100 stores and shops. Make a purchase here and you'll get three free hours of parking - ample time for shopping and for exploring the surrounding Gaslamp Quarter. Home to art galleries, boutiques, coffeehouses, neighborhood bars, swanky nightclubs and restaurants of every stripe, the Gaslamp Quarter offers something for every budget. Dining options range from family-style restaurants and chains to upscale steakhouses, Italian trattorias, tapas bars and Asian eateries. Several clubs and restaurants host live music (the House of Blues has a branch here) while others feature DJs, televised sports, or simply the buzz of lively conversations. Movie theaters include the Gaslamp Stadium 15 and the UA Horton Plaza; and if it's baseball season, you can catch a Padres game at the spectacular Petco Park.

Dining on the Water
A real treat is to have dinner at one of the restaurants right on the boardwalk facing the ocean in Mission or Pacific Beach. After dinner, walk north or south along the boardwalk to catch the flavor of these seaside neighborhoods.

Take a cruise on the Mississippi-style sternwheeler Bahia Belle, which shuttles between two hotels on Mission Bay. The views are fabulous from all three decks, and the bay has a quiet beauty all its own at night. Cruises from 6:30 p.m. to 9 p.m. are designated Family Hours, while those from 9:30 p.m. on are for the 21 and up crowd only. Catch the boat at the Bahia Hotel and enjoy a short tour before stopping at the Catamaran Hotel. After a brief stop, the ship returns to the Bahia.

About San Diego:

Average monthly temperatures range from 57.3 °F (14.1 °C) in January to 72.5 °F (22.5 °C) in August, although late summer and early autumn are typically the hottest times of the year with temperatures occasionally reaching 90 °F (32 °C) or higher. Snow and ice are rare in the wintertime, typically occurring only inland from the coast when present. "May gray and June gloom," a local saying, refers to the way in which San Diego sometimes has trouble shaking off the fog that comes in during those months. Temperatures soar to very high readings only on rare occasions, chiefly when easterly winds bring hot, dry air from the inland deserts (these winds are called "Santa Ana winds").

The record high temperature at the National Weather Service office in San Diego of 111 °F (44 °C) was on September 26, 1963. The record low temperature was 25 °F (−4 °C) on January 7, 1913.

San Diego has on average 146 sunny days and 117 partly cloudy days a year. The average annual precipitation is less than 12 inches (300 mm), resulting in a borderline arid climate. Rainfall is strongly concentrated in the cooler half of the year, particularly the months December through March, although precipitation is lower than any other part of the U.S. west coast. The summer months are virtually rainless. Rainfall is highly variable from year to year and from month to month, and San Diego is subject to both droughts and floods. Hurricanes and thunderstorms are very rare. Coastal areas are driest; Cleveland National Forest receives more precipitation, and some inland areas like Laguna Mountains average more than 30 inches of rainfall per year.

At the National Weather Service office, there are an average of 43 days with measurable precipitation. The wettest year was 1941 with 24.93 inches (63.3 cm) and the driest year was 1953 with 3.23 inches (8.2 cm). The most rainfall in one month was 9.09 inches (23.1 cm) in January 1993. The most rainfall in 24 hours was 3.23 inches (8.2 cm) on April 5, 1926.

Climate in the San Diego area often varies dramatically over short geographical distances, due to the city's topography (the Bay, and the numerous hills, mountains, and canyons), thus exhibiting microclimate: frequently, particularly during the "May gray / June gloom" period, a thick "marine layer" cloud cover will keep the air cool and damp within a few miles of the coast, but will yield to bright cloudless sunshine between about 5 and 15 miles inland—the cities of El Cajon and Santee for example, rarely experience the cloud cover.

History of San Diego:

Pre-Colonial and Colonial Period

The area has long been inhabited by the Kumeyaay Native American people. The first European to visit the region was Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo. Cabrillo was Portuguese (his name in Portuguese was Joao Rodrigues Cabrilho) but he was a long-term resident of Spanish America. He was commissioned by Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza to continue the explorations of California. In 1542, Cabrillo discovered San Diego Bay, which he named San Miguel. He went ashore, probably in the Ballast Point area of Point Loma. His landing is re-enacted every year at the Cabrillo Festival sponsored by Cabrillo National Monument.

The bay and the area of present-day San Diego were given their current name sixty years later by Sebastián Vizcaíno when he was mapping the coastline of Alta California for Spain in 1602. The explorers camped near a Native American village called Nipaguay and celebrated mass in honor of San Diego de Alcala (Saint Didacus of Alcalá). California was then part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain under the Audiencia of Guadalajara.

In May 1602, Vizcaíno left Mexico and beat his way north with two small ships, the San Diego and the Santa Tomas. By November of that year, his ships were anchored in the lee of Point Loma. Markedly different from the conquistadors, Vizcaíno had no experience commanding an expedition or conquering rich tribes. Instead, he was a merchant who hoped to establish prosperous colonies. After holding the first Catholic service conducted on California soil on the feast day of San Diego de Alcala (also the patron saint of his flagship), he renamed the bay. When he left after 10 days anchored there, he was enthusiastic about its safe harbor, friendly natives, and promising potential as a successful colony. After a difficult voyage north during which 40 of his crew died, Vizcaíno returned to Mexico, still convinced that San Diego would be the perfect location for a Spanish colony. Despite his enthusiasm, the Spanish were unconvinced, lured, instead, to spend resources seeking the rich trading opportunities in Asia. It would be another 167 years before California gained enough strategic value to generate colonization. When this time arrived, it was San Diego that was selected as Spain's first California settlement.

In 1769, Gaspar de Portolà and his expedition founded the Presidio of San Diego (military post), and on July 16, Franciscan friars Junípero Serra, Juan Viscaino and Fernando Parron raised and 'blessed a cross,' establishing the first mission in upper Las Californias, Mission San Diego de Alcala. Colonists began arriving in 1774. In the following year the Kumeyaay indigenous people rebelled against the Spanish. They killed the priest and two others, and burned the mission. Father Serra organized the rebuilding, and two years later a fire-proof adobe and tile-roofed structure was built. By 1797 the mission had become the largest in California, with a population of more than 1,400 presumably converted Native American "Mission Indians" relocated to and associated with it.

Mexican Period

In 1821 Mexico won victory over the Spanish Empire in the Mexican War for Independence. The Mexican Province of Alta California was created. The San Diego Mission was secularized in 1834, and 432 people petitioned Governor José Figueroa to form a pueblo. Commandant Santiago Arguello endorsed it. Juan María Osuna was elected the first alcalde ('mayor'), winning over Pío Pico in the 13 ballots cast. Beyond town Mexican land grants expanded the number of California Ranchos that modestly added to the local economy.

The original town of San Diego was located at the foot of Presidio Hill, in the area which is now Old Town San Diego State Historic Park. The location was not ideal, being several miles away from navigable water. Imported goods and exports (primarily tallow and hides) had to be carried over the La Playa Trail to the anchorages in Point Loma. This arrangement was suitable only for a very small town. In 1830 the population was about 600; in 1838 the town lost its pueblo status because of its dwindling population, estimated as 100 to 150 residents.

Joining the United States

Alta California became part of the United States in 1850 following the U.S. victory in the Mexican-American War and the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. San Diego, still little more than a village, was incorporated as a city and was named the county seat of the newly established San Diego County. The United States Census reported the population of the town as 650 in 1850 and 731 in 1860.

Although an estimated 10,000 stopped briefly in San Diego on their way to the San Francisco gold fields, few stayed, and San Diego remained sparsely settled during much of the 1850s. Despite its small population, this decade brought investors who saw the potential of San Diego. They bought lots, built rough homes and shops, and hoped. One, William Heath Davis, had such confidence that he spent $60,000 constructing a wharf near the property he had purchased near the foot of today's Market Street. Remembered as 'Davis' Folly,' it was completed by August 1851, but was seldom used. Clearly a financial disaster, it received its death blow when, in 1853, the steamer Los Angeles crashed into it. The damage was never repaired. It had become clear that it was not worth fixing – in addition to it being largely unused, it had been so poorly built that the brittle piles kept snapping off. Davis tried and tried unsuccessfully to sell it. Finally, in 1862, the Army destroyed it, using timbers for firewood.

The failure of the wharf was an indication of depressed times. Frightened San Diego promoters watched and worried as houses were dismantled and shipped to more promising settlements. By 1860, many of the enterprises that had been established during the early 1850s had closed. The few businesses that survived suffered from water shortages, high costs of shipping, and a declining population. Only those visionaries who were convinced of San Diego's destiny stayed; most packed up and left. Those who stayed wondered when prosperity would make their lives brighter. Luckily, they did not have long to wait.

Fifty-three-year-old Alonzo Horton, a visionary San Diego needed, disembarked from the Orizaba on April 15, 1867. Although his first view was of barren, mesquite-covered land with a few decaying structures, he was awed, saying, "I have been nearly all over the world and it seemed to me to be the best spot for building a city I ever saw." He was convinced that the town needed a location nearer the water to improve trade. Unfaltering in his enthusiasm, less than a month after his arrival, he had purchased more than 900 acres of today's downtown for only $265, an average of 27.5 cents an acre. With boundless energy, he began promoting San Diego by enticing entrepreneurs and residents alike. He built a wharf and began to promote development there. The area was referred to as New Town or the Horton Addition. Despite opposition from the residents of the original settlement, which became known as 'Old Town,' businesses and residents flocked to New Town and San Diego experienced the first of its many real estate booms. In 1871, government records were moved to a new county courthouse in New Town, and by the 1880s New Town (or downtown) had totally eclipsed Old Town as the heart of the growing city.

Consolidation as an Urban Center

Military Presence
Significant U.S. Navy presence began in 1901, with the establishment of the Navy Coaling Station in Point Loma, and expanded greatly during the 1920s. Camp Kearny was established in 1917, closed in 1920, later reopened, and eventually became the site of Marine Corps Air Station Miramar. Naval Base San Diego was established in 1922, as was the San Diego Naval Hospital. The Marine Corps Recruit Depot San Diego was commissioned in 1921 and the San Diego Naval Training Center in 1923. (The Naval Training Center was closed on April 30, 1997.)

World's Fairs
San Diego hosted two World's Fairs, the Panama-California Exposition in 1915, and the California Pacific International Exposition in 1935. The expositions left a lasting legacy in the form of Balboa Park, the San Diego Zoo, and popularizing Mission Revival Style and Spanish Colonial Revival Style architecture locally and in Southern California as a regional aesthetic, and influencing design in the nation.

Modern San Diego
Since World War II, the military has played a leading role in the local economy. Following the end of the Cold War the military presence diminished considerably. San Diego has since become a center of the emerging biotech industry and is home to telecommunications giant Qualcomm.





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