Platinum Premier Sponsor:

   Gold Premier Sponsor:
   Silver Premier Sponsor:
Natel - Premier Sponsor, Platinum
Heraeus Materials Technology - Premier Sponsor, Gold
Metalor - Premier Sponsor, Silver

IMAPS 2013 - Orlando
46th International Symposium on Microelectronics
Bringing Together The Entire Microelectronics Supply Chain!

September 30 - October 3, 2013
Rosen Centre Hotel
Orlando, Florida, USA

October 1-3, 2013

October 1-2, 2013:
Professional Development Courses:
September 30, 2013 &
October 3, 2013
(Morning 1/2 Day Only)

IMAPS 2013 - Orlando

Technical Program

Professional Development Courses (PDCs)


NEW PDC FORMAT THIS YEAR - Monday & Thursday Courses

Monday PDCs: full-day courses, running 9:00 am - 5:00 pm;
two half-day courses (8:00am - 12:00pm & 1:00 pm - 5:00 pm)

All Thursday PDCs are half-day, running 8:00 am - 12:00 pm

MONDAY PDCs: (9am-5pm)
- Plating Processes for High Rel Microelectronic Devices; (1/2 Day: 8am-12pm)
- Fundamentals of Glass Technology and Applications for Advanced Semiconductor Packaging; (1/2 Day: 1-5pm)
- Polymers in Electronic Packaging;
- Wire Bonding in Microelectronics...;
- Technology of Screen Printing;
- Recent Advances and New Trends in 3D IC Integration; (NEW)
- 2013 Packaging Advances, Updates and Trends; (NEW)
- Introduction to 3D Power Electronics & Post-Silicon Device Packaging; (NEW)
- Hermeticity Testing of Microelectronics for Aerospace and Medical Application - CANCELLED;
- Reliability Data Analysis; (NEW) and
- MEMS Reliability and Packaging

THURSDAY PDCs: (8am-12pm)
- Package on Package Technology...;
- Flexible Optical Media for High Data Rate Interconnections; CANCELLED
- Understanding the Common Failure Modes from a Physics of Failure Perspective;
- Embedded Chip Packaging Technologies;
- Practical Aspects of MEMS and Microsystem Packaging; (NEW)
- Signal/Power Integrity Design for Electronic Packaging and 3D System Integration;
- Managing the Effects of Mechanical Stress on Performance of Modern SOCS; (NEW) and
- Intro to the Design & Fabrication of RF, High Speed and Microwave Hybrids, MCM's and Modules (NEW)


Do you want to broaden and strengthen your skills and knowledge, optimize your manufacturing processes, and integrate the latest advances in materials and technologies to maintain your strength in today's competitive global market? The Technical Committee of IMAPS is pleased to present a comprehensive offering of Professional Development Courses that provide detailed information on topics of immediate interest to the Microelectronics and Packaging community. So please be sure to choose from the 18 in-depth Professional Development Courses taught by recognized industry experts. You will discover the following key ways that will benefit you.

  • Better understand the skills and knowledge necessary in today's industry.
  • Be exposed to the rapidly expanding developments in new materials and technologies.
  • Consult with renowned authorities about your current R&D or manufacturing problems and challenges.
  • Learn new ways to identify, think about, and address your problems and opportunities.
  • Great opportunities to interact with industry experts and other course attendees.
  • Courses now offered Monday and Thursday so you can attend a course without missing the conference or extending your travel plans!

Your PDC Registration Fee Includes:

  • Lunch on the day of your course (Monday full-day PDCs only)
  • Refreshment breaks
  • Hard-copy workbook of course materials (no electronic copies provided)
  • Attendee list following your course

Monday PDC Lunch sponsored by:
Heraeus Materials Technology - Premier Sponsor, Gold

PDC Cancellation policy:

IMAPS reserves the right to cancel a course if the number of attendees is not sufficient.  You can transfer to a different course or we will refund you the corresponding amount.

during IMAPS 2013 Registrations

Monday, September 30, 2013
Monday Full-Day PDCs run 9:00 am - 5:00 pm

PDC Coffee Break in Salon Foyer: 10:00-10:15am
PDC Lunch in Salon 11-12: 12:00-1:00pm
PDC Afternoon Coffee Break in Salon Foyer: 3:00-3:15pm

PDC Coffee Breaks & Lunch sponsored by:
Heraeus Materials Technology - Premier Sponsor, Gold

M1A: Plating Processes for High Rel Microelectronic Devices
PDC Instructor: Fred Mueller, General Magnaplate Corp.

1/2 Day Course (4-hour): 8am-12pm

Course Description: Review the engineering differences and troubleshooting problems in the plating processes used in Plating for Electronics... - Comparison of Electroless Nickel / Immersion Gold (Ni/Au), Electroless Nickel / Immersion Silver (Ni/Ag) and Electroless Nickel / Electroless Palladium / Immersion Gold (Ni/Pd/Au) processes - Presents methods for controlling the properties of plating solutions to maximize the deposits properties, including Laboratory Controls / Equipment - Electroless Nickel/Immersion Gold, Solderability and Solder Joint Reliability as Functions of Process Control - What lack of ENIG process controls can result in black pad? - Flip Chips: review of electroplated solders and golds and newer technology - electroplated copper-bumped wafers.

Who Should Attend? This course is intended as an intermediate level (plus and minus a little) course for process engineers, quality engineers, and managers responsible for Plating for Electronics.

Mr. Fred Mueller is a consultant and serves as a national certified instructor for the American Electroplaters and Surface Finishing Foundation (AESF). He has over twenty-five years experience in the plating industry in printed circuits and plating for electronics. He is currently the Corporate Quality Manager at General Magnaplate, Linden, NJ. As a Chemist, Fred has conducted experiments and presented technical papers at SurFin on various topics in electroplating. He has served as Chairman of the Quality in Surface Finishing Committee and the Electro-forming Committee of the AESF.

M1B: Fundamentals of Glass Technology and Applications for Advanced Semiconductor Packaging
PDC Instructor: Dr. TJ Kiczenski, Corning Incorporated


1/2 Day Course (4-hour): 1pm-5pm

Course Description: The objective of this course is to build a foundation of understanding of engineered glass as a material that technologists can leverage in the development of advanced IC packaging applications. Starting from the fundamental principles of glass structure, composition and properties we will provide a broad overview of glass with a focus on unique attributes that make glass as an enabling material. Subjects to be covered will include strength and reliability, chemical durability, thermal behavior, associated thermal relaxation behavior, and electrical properties. Additionally we will review the platform alternatives as part of the "glass toolkit" available to semiconductor packaging development including various manufacturing (melt & form) approaches, the diversity of compositional options and a survey of glass processing options that can be adapted from adjacent glass technology space to advanced semiconductor packaging. Finally the course will illustrate with case studies how glass is contributing to emerging 3D-IC technologies and explore current and potential applications in advanced semiconductor packaging. We will focus on its role as a carrier for temporary bonding, integrated wafer for CMOS Image Sensor, and 2.5D and 3D glass interposers. Relative costs of glass will be discussed as an alternative to other materials for carriers and interposers.

Who Should Attend? The target audiences include individuals or companies with little or no experience in using glass. Engineers, technical managers, scientists, buyers, and managers involved in materials, research and development, and 3D IC packaging.

Dr. TJ Kiczenski is a Research Associate with Corning Incorporated. His work includes investigations of the physics of glass relaxation, liquidus relationships in multicomponent glass forming systems, metallic glasses, and glass/glass and glass/ceramic composite materials. He is credited as the inventor or co-inventor of several Corning Display Technology products manufactured by the proprietary fusion process, including Corning Lotus Glass for low-temperature polysilicon display applications. He received his PhD in Geology and M.S. in Materials Science from Stanford University where he investigated the structure of fluorine in silicate and aluminosilicate glasses and his B.A. degree in Physics from Coe College where he studied alkali-germanate glasses. Aric Shorey, PhD, is a Sr. Technical Manager at Corning Incorporated working on the Semiconductor Glass Wafer program. He has BS/MS in Mechanical Engineering and a PhD in Materials Science - all from the University of Rochester. He has spent the majority of his career in material's finishing and characterization for the telecommunications, precision optics and semiconductor industries.

M2: Polymers in Electronic Packaging
PDC Instructor: Dr. Jeffrey Gotro, InnoCentrix, LLC

Course Description: The course will provide an overview of polymers and the important structure-property-process-performance relationships for electronic packaging. The main learning objectives will be 1) understand how polymers are used in electronic packaging, 2) learn why specific chemistries are used depending on the application 3) learn the fundamentals of polymer characterization related to electronic packaging 4) develop a foundation in rheology and rheology issues in electronic packaging.

Topics to be covered are thermosetting polymers, curing mechanisms (heat and light cured), network formation, and an overview of key chemistries used (epoxies, acrylates, polyimides, bismaleimides, curing agents, and catalysts). The course will provide a more in-depth discussion of the chemistries, material properties, and process considerations for adhesives (both paste and film), capillary underfills, packaging substrate materials, encapsulants (mold compounds), and coatings. Characterization using thermal analysis will be covered allowing understanding of structure-property relationships. The final portion of the PDC will provide an introduction to rheological characterization methods (various types of rheometers and viscometers) and the properties of adhesives (shear thinning, viscosity, time dependence, and rheology changes during curing), underfills, and mold compounds. Participants are invited to bring problems for discussion.

Who Should Attend? Packaging engineers and R&D professionals involved in the development, production, and reliability testing of semiconductor packages would benefit from the course.

Dr. Jeff Gotro has over thirty years experience in polymers for electronic applications and composites having held scientific and leadership positions at IBM, AlliedSignal, Honeywell, and Ablestik Laboratories. He is an accomplished technology professional with demonstrated success solving complex polymer problems, directing new product development, and enabling clients to improve the financial impact of their polymer technologies. Jeff has consulting experience with companies ranging from early-stage start-ups to Fortune 50 companies. Jeff is a nationally recognized authority in thermosetting polymers and he has received invitations to present lectures and short courses at national technical conferences. He has published 60 technical papers (including 4 book chapters) in the field of polymeric materials for advanced electronic packaging applications, holds 13 issued US patents, and has 8 patents pending. Jeff has a Ph.D. in Materials Science from Northwestern University with a specialty in polymer science and a B.S. in Mechanical Engineering/Materials Science from Marquette University.

M3: Wire Bonding in Microelectronics: Materials, Processes, Reliability and Yield
PDC Instructor: Lee Levine Process, Solutions Consulting, Inc.

Course Description: Wire bonding is the dominant method for chip interconnection. This year the semiconductor industry will produce over 1312(13 trillion) wire bonds. As a result of the increase in the cost of gold a significant portion (approximately 15%) of the entire market has already converted to copper ball bonding. A comparison of the costs, reliability, and difficulty of copper ball bonding will be included. The objective of the short course will be an understanding of the process from the metallurgy to process optimization and capillary selection.

  • The Ball Bond Process: Step by Step Wire Bonding
  • Welding
  • The effect of ultrasonics on weld formation and materials properties
  • Metallurgy and Intermetallics
  • A comparison of the welds associated with Au-Al and Al-Cu bonding
  • Au-Al failure mechanisms in ultra-fine pitch bonding
  • The effect of wire alloying on ultra-fine pitch reliability
  • Wire properties, testing and chemistry
  • Pull and shear testing wire bonds
  • Long term accelerated testing of wire bonds
  • Understanding wire stiffness and the effect on looping
  • Wire bond loop shapes
  • The second bond
  • Diffusion
  • The principal bonding variables
  • Capillary design and selection for optimized processes
  • Simple bond screening designed experiments
  • How to optimize the bonding process

Who Should Attend? Engineers and technical people involved in wire bonding and wafer interconnection at all levels from beginners to advanced.

Lee Levine's previous experience includes 20 years as Principal and Staff Metallurgical Process Engineer at Kulicke & Soffa and Distinguished Member of the Technical Staff at Agere Systems. He was awarded 4 patents, published more than 70 technical papers, and won both the 1999 John A. Wagnon Technical Achievement award and the 2012 Daniel C Hughes award from the International Microelectronics and Packaging Society, IMAPS. Major innovations include copper ball bonding, loop shapes for thin, small outline packages (TSOP and TSSOP, and CSPs) and introduction of DOE and statistical techniques for understanding assembly processes. He is a Fellow, a life member and previously was IMAPS V.P Technology.

M4: Technology of Screen Printing
PDC Instructors: Art Dobie, Sefar Inc.; David Malanga, Heraeus, Inc., Thick Film Division

Course Description: Screen printing continues to offer innovative and cost effective solutions to the increasing demands for higher circuit densities. This course is intended to increase the understanding of the screen printing process, thereby improving production yield and print quality.

Presented are some of the latest advancements in composition, screens, and printing technology that enable screen printing to meet future circuit density requirements as well as the definition required for microwave circuitry. The advantages of screen printing, an additive deposition process, are described and compared to alternative more costly and "less-green" subtractive deposition technologies. This course is applications-oriented in terms of how to optimize the screen printing process; how to use and specify screen correctly; rheology properties that affect print results; minimizing printing defects and trouble-shooting problems related to screens, inks and the printing process itself.

Who Should Attend? This course is targeted for production and process engineers, plant and production managers, supervisors, and all others interested in learning how to optimize and increase the use of the screen printing process.

Art Dobie is Technical Marketing Manager for Sefar, Inc. He has been with Sefar 32 years since receiving his BS in Screen Printing Technology in 1980 from California University of Pennsylvania. Art has co-instructed the IMAPS "Technology of Screen Printing" PDC since its inception in 1991. He has delivered numerous technical presentations to screen-printing professionals at local, national and international level symposia. Mr. Dobie is a Life Member and Fellow of the Society of IMAPS, and received the 2006 IMAPS Technical Achievement Award for outstanding technical contributions to screen printing technology relating to microelectronics. In 1998, Art Dobie was inducted into the SGIA's Academy of Screen Printing Technology and is a co-recipient of the SGIA's 2010 David Swormstedt, Sr. Memorial Award.

David Malanga is currently the Business Unit Manager Americas, Thick Film Materials Division of Heraeus in West Conshohocken, PA. David has over 20 years of experience at Heraeus working in R&D, formulating thick film and LTCC materials, Technical Service solving processing and application problems directly with customers, and as manager of the Sales Department. David has a B.S. and M.S. in Ceramic Science and Engineering from Rutgers University. David has published various articles on thick film resistors, conductors, LTCC materials, and component metallizations worldwide. He is a Life member and Fellow of the Society of IMAPS and has held both local and national positions in the organization.

M5: Recent Advances and New Trends in 3D IC Integration
PDC Instructor: John H. Lau, ITRI


Course Description: 3D integration consists of 3D IC packaging, 3D IC integration, and 3D Si integration, which will be discussed in this lecture. Emphases are placed on the key enabling technologies for 3D IC integrations, such as TSV (through-silicon via) forming and filling, front and back-side metallization, RDL (redistribution layer), temporary wafer bonding, wafer thinning and handling, wafer de-bonding, thin chip/wafer strength measurement and improving, lost-cost lead-free microbumping (<=15µm pitch) and assembly, C2C, C2W, and W2W bonding, and thermal management. Useful characterization and reliability data for 3D IC integration will also be provided. The application of 3D IC integration such as MEMS, LED, logic + logic, memory + microprocessor, wide I/O DRAM, active and passive interposers will be presented. Furthermore, the critical issues of TSV and 3D IC integration will be given and some potential solutions or research topics will be recommended. Finally, the supply chains for high volume manufacturing of 3D IC integration will be discussed and several roadmaps of 3D IC integration will be provided. All the materials are based on the technical papers and books published within the past 3 years by the lecturer and others.

Who Should Attend? If you (students, engineers, and managers) are involved with any aspect of the electronics, LED, MEMS, and optoelectronic industry, you should attend this course. It is equally suited for R&D professionals and scientists. You will receive more than 300 pages of handouts from the Instructor's books, "Advanced MEMS Packaging" (McGraw-Hill, 2010), "Reliability of RoHS Compliant 2D & 3D IC Interconnects" (McGraw-Hill, 2011), and "TSV for 3D Integration" (McGraw-Hill, 2012).

Dr. John Lau has been an ITRI Fellow of Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI in Taiwan) since January 2010. Prior to that, he was a visiting professor at HKUST for 1 year, the Director of MMC Laboratory with IME in Singapore for 2 years and a Senior Scientist/MTS at HPL/Agilent in California, US for more than 25 years. With more than 35 years of R&D and manufacturing experience, he has published more than 400 peer-reviewed papers, 30 issued and pending US patents, given 280 lectures/workshops/keynotes worldwide, published 17 textbooks on TSV for 3D integrations, 3D MEMS packaging, flip chip & WLP, high-density PCB, SMT, and lead-free materials, soldering, manufacturing and reliability. John earned his PhD degree from the University of Illinois, 3 MASc degrees in North America. John received many awards and is an elected ASME Fellow and has been an IEEE Fellow since 1994.

M6: 2013 Packaging Advances, Updates and Trends (NEW)
PDC Instructor: Phillip G. Creter, Creter & Associates

Course Description: This NEW overview course focuses on 2013 packaging topics, reviewing leading edge developments in microelectronics advances/updates/trends. Abstracts are expanded from 2013 papers to highlight technical innovations, adding selected tables, photos, figures, conclusions, recent news reports, and organized into the following technical groups:

  • 2.5D-TSV Interposers (wafer-level encapsulation, underfill, through-glass-vias using electric discharging, ultra-thin die stacking, warpage control)
  • 3D-TSV (through-silicon-stack for Wide I-O, heterogeneous CoWoS, self-assembly, low-cost chip-on-chip, low temperature Cu-Cu bonding, temporary wafer bonding)
  • Chip-Package-Interactions (ultra-thin chip stacking/packaging, stress testing, warpage design/control, coreless substrates)
  • Flip Chip (fine-pitch/micro-pitch copper pillars, predicting electromigration reliability, large die on coreless, non-conductive adhesive for micro-pitch, thermally-enhanced FC)
  • LED (very high power density, high-brightness substrate-reflectivity study, nano-composites, quasi-conformal phosphor dispensing, ultra-thin wafer-level-packaging)
  • MEMS (hermetic wafer-to-wafer bonding, carrier wafer with self-assembled monolayer, outgassing, low-cost sensor, high temperature SiC MEMS)
  • Microbumps (minimizing electromigration, effect of plating on microbump reliability, design rules, key elements of sub-50 um microbumps, micro-solder bumps)
  • New Adhesives (Ultra-Fine-Pitch adhesives, micro-pitch interconnects using ACF, NCF wafer lamination, high-thermal conductive ACF, isotropic conductive adhesive using micro-spheres)
  • Embedded Chips (microprocessor/capacitors, WLCSP, wafer/panel mold embedding, reliability, capacitor-embedded interposers)

Technical innovations presented with input from leading industrial/academic institutions: Amkor, Asahi Glass, ASE, Cisco, Fairchild, Fraunhofer IZM, Georgia Institute of Technology, Huazhong University, Hynix, IBM , IMEC, Infineon, Intel, ITRI, Kaist, NAMICS, Qualcomm, Samsung, SEMATECH, SPIL, STMicroelectronics, Sumitomo, Suss MicroTec, Taiwan Semiconductor, Tohoku University, Xilinx, Yole, others.

Who Should Attend? This course's target is the time-constrained participant with little or no extra time to constantly review daily news releases and/or attend major symposia/workshops to stay current with the latest technological developments in new advanced packaging technology. It emphasizes 2013 topics in 2.5D-TSV Interposers, 3D-TSV, Chip-Package-Interactions, Flip Chip, LED, MEMS, Microbumps, New Adhesives, Embedded Chips and is designed for all levels of engineering. It primarily includes advanced packaging concepts for senior engineers/scientists but since the course contains a short review of current single chip and advanced wafer levels of packaging, it is also ideal for entry-level technicians/engineers, QA, sales/marketing, purchasing, safety, administration, program management.

Attendees receive a 300+ page handout with key topics including comprehensive references.

Phillip Creter has over 30 years of microelectronics packaging experience. He is currently a consultant (Creter & Associates) gaining his microelectronics packaging experience at Polymer Flip Chip, Mini-Systems, and GTE. His past positions include GTE Microelectronics Center Manager, Process Engineering/Development Manager, Materials Engineering Manager, Manufacturing Engineer. He is a well-known presenter who has published technical papers in IEEE Transactions, Solid State Technology, High Density Interconnect, Circuits Manufacturing, Insulation Circuits, and others. He has chaired many technical sessions for symposia, has given hundreds of technical presentations, and is a U.S. patent holder. He has been developing/teaching college-level microelectronics courses since 1997 and has continuously taught professional development courses for online webinars and at various national microelectronics symposia. He is an active certified instructor for the Department of Homeland Security. He is a Life member of IMAPS. He was elected Fellow of the Society, National Treasurer and President of the New England Chapter (twice).

M7: Introduction to 3D Power Electronics & Post-Silicon Device Packaging
PDC Instructor: Dr. Douglas C. Hopkins, North Carolina State University

Course Description: Power densities and switching speeds in power electronics applications have increased well over ten fold in the last three years. With the advent of post-silicon power devices, i.e. SiC, GaN and GaAs, voltages and current densities are at unprecedented levels. The greatest change is in switching speeds that approach gigahertz. All this, and operating temperatures are pushing above 250C.

This course is an excerpt from a 45-hour university graduate course that introduces the evolving characteristics of the post-silicon devices; new "energy electronics" packaging materials; and new 3D printed power-packaging technologies. This daylong course presents a comprehensive approach from defining the new challenges facing power packaging to new packaging techniques for working at higher temperatures.

Half the course details more traditional power packaging techniques, such as directed-bonded-metal (Al - DBA and Cu - DBC) and limitations on their applicability to the new higher temperatures and speeds. The other half shows how microelectronics packaging technologies, such as 3D printing, and stack die and stacked boards, can be used in power applications for point of load converters, etc.

Who Should Attend? This course is focused toward packaging design engineers that must integrate power into digital and datacomm systems, or must create next-generation power modules.

Dr. Doug Hopkins is Professor and Director of the Laboratory for "Packaging Research in Electronic Energy Systems" as part of the NSF-funded FREEDM Systems Center at North Carolina State University in Raleigh, NC. He was formerly with SUNY Buffalo as Director of the "Electronic Power and Energy Research Lab". He received his Ph.D. from Virginia Tech, worked for GE's and Carrier's R&D Centers, and held visiting positions at several national labs. He is an IEEE senior member and IMAPS fellow. He is a founding member of IMAPS Subcommittee on Power Packaging, now chairs the technical subcommittee on Electronic Energy Packaging in IEEE-CPMT and member of the IEEE-PELS technical committee on Emerging Technologies. He has authored over 100 journal and conference publications, received three ISHM/IMAPS awards.

M8: Hermeticity Testing of Microelectronics for Aerospace and Medical Applications
PDC Instructor: Thomas J Green, TJ Green Associates LLC


M9: Reliability Data Analysis
PDC Instructor: Jianbiao Pan, California Polytechnic State University

Course Description: The objective of this course is to introduce the fundamentals of reliability concepts and enable the student to analyze reliability data and interpret the results. A hands-on training using statistical software Minitab or JMP will be provided as well.

Course outline:

  • Basic reliability concepts
    • The definition of reliability, MTBT, MTTF, failure rate, hazard rate, and bathtub-curve.
    • Different data types: right censored, interval censored, left censored, uncensored.
    • The most commonly used distributions in reliability engineering: exponential, lognormal, and Weibull.
  • Reliability data analysis
    • Reliability distribution identification: probability plotting
    • Parameter estimation
  • System reliability

At the end of this course, participants should be able to:

  • Describe basic reliability concepts and bathtub-curve; distinguish reliability data characteristics; and estimate reliability terms using empirical reliability data.
  • Fit statistical distributions using statistical software JMP or Minitab and interpret the failure mode based on estimated Weibull parameters.

Students are asked to bring along laptop computers with JMP or Minitab (free trial version available) to use during class.

Who Should Attend? Engineers, scientists, and managers in R&D, process/product development, and manufacturing who desire to conduct reliability testing and/or analyze reliability data.

Dr. Jianbiao (John) Pan is a professor in Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering Department at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo. He is an ASQ-Certified Quality Engineer and an ASQ-Certified Reliability Engineer. He received a PhD in Industrial Engineering from Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA. His research interests include the materials, processes, and reliability of microelectronics packaging. His teaching interests include statistical data analysis, design and analysis of experiment, quality engineering, reliability engineering, and microelectronics and electronic packaging. He has authored or co-authored over 40 technical papers. He is a Fellow of IMAPS, a senior member of ASQ, IEEE, and SME. Dr. Pan is a recipient of the 2011 Outstanding Educator Award from the IMAPS. He is currently the Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Microelectronics and Electronic Packaging and a guest Associate Editor of IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology.

M10: MEMS Reliability and Packaging
PDC Instructor: Slobodan Petrovic, Oregon Institute of Technology

Course Description: This course provides a comprehensive discussion of a broad array of MEMS packaging and reliability issues. An overview of the principles of operation, fabrication methods, and materials used in building MEMS structures will be presented as well. Because each MEMS device requires a distinctive packaging approach, practical examples and illustrations will be used to demonstrate uniqueness of solutions and interactions between micromachined structures and packaging.

A full range of MEMS devices will be discussed while a particular emphasis will be placed on sensors and actuators used in industrial, medical, and automotive applications. Extensive case studies that will be used to most effectively demonstrate diverse packaging principles for devices such as accelerometers, pressure sensors, and digital micromirror devices.

The course will be divided in 2 major sections: general MEMS competence; and packaging and reliability. The following major topics will be covered: fabrication technologies, materials, device physics, design considerations, main MEMS types, integration aspects, selected industrial application, types of packaging, quality control, reliability and failure analysis.

Who Should Attend? While some prior knowledge by the participants of MEMS in general is helpful, the packaging discussion will include a detailed explanation of the principles of operation, fabrication methods, and materials used in building MEMS structures. The course is therefore open to participants with no prior MEMS knowledge and would provide a reasonably broad general introduction into the field. The participants will have the opportunity to gain knowledge about MEMS in general through the eyes of a packaging and reliability specialist.

Dr. Slobodan Petrovic is an associate professor at the Oregon Institute of Technology in Portland, OR. His research interests are in the areas of MEMS fuel cells, sensor media compatibility, hydrogen generation and storage, and dye-sensitized solar cells. Prior to that, he was at the Arizona State University, where he taught courses in MEMS, Sensors, and alternative energy. Dr. Petrovic also held appointments at Clear Edge Power as a Vice President of Engineering; at Neah Power Systems as Director of Systems Integration; and Motorola, Inc. as a Reliability Manager. Dr. Petrovic has over 25 years of experience in MEMS, sensors, energy systems; fuel cells and batteries; and electrochemical solar cells. He has over 50 journal publications and conference proceedings; 2 book contributions and 24 pending or issued patents.

Thursday, October 3, 2013
All Thursday PDCs are 1/2 Day Courses (4-hours): 8:00 am - 12:00 pm

10:15 AM - 10:30 AM: Coffee Break In Ballroom Foyer
IMAPS Cafés sponsored by:
LORD - IMAPS Cafe Sponsor

T1: Package on Package Technology - What It Is, What Works, What Doesn't Work
PDC Instructor: Dr. Ning-Cheng Lee, Indium Corporation

Course Description: This course covers Package on Package (PoP) Technology, including trends, designs, material selection, processes, and reliability. The approaches of enhancing the reliability will be discussed in details, including effect of fluxes, solder alloy types, processes, profiles, via designs, and ball sizes. Being the solution with the highest potential, epoxy flux will be introduced and will be compared with other solutions. Finally, head in pillow control at reflow soldering, particularly at PoP will be instructed. The control includes considerations on materials, processes, and designs.

Course Content:

  • Trends
  • Designs
  • Processes - General
  • Processes - Rework of PoP
  • Processes - Selection of Dip Transfer Fluxes and Solder Pastes for PoP Assembly
  • Processes - Low Volume PoP Assembly Process Development
  • Processes - Design for Efficient PoP Underfilling
  • Processes - Comparison of Various Polymeric Reinforcement Approaches for PoP/CSP
  • Reliability - One-Pass vs Two-Pass
  • Reliability - Effect of SOP & Material on Yield & Drop Test Performance
  • Reliability - Effect of Materials & Profiles
  • Reliability - Materials Selection & Parameter Optimization
  • Reliability - Mixed Alloy
  • Reliability - Effect of Coplanarity and Design
  • Reliability - Effect of Ball Size, Via Size, Alloy Type on Stack-up Height & Reliability
  • Reliability - Opens/Head-in-Pillow - The Primary Failure Mode of PoP

Who Should Attend? Anyone who cares about successful implementation of package on package technology, and like to know how to achieve it should take this course.

Ning-Cheng Lee is the Vice President of Technology of Indium Corporation of America. He has been with Indium since 1986. Prior to joining Indium, he was with Morton Chemical and SCM. He has more than 20 years of experience in the development of fluxes and solder pastes for SMT industries, plus experience in underfills and adhesives. He received his PhD in polymer science from University of Akron in 1981, and BS in chemistry from National Taiwan University in 1973. Ning-Cheng is the author of "Reflow Soldering Processes and Troubleshooting: SMT, BGA, CSP, and Flip Chip Technologies", and co-author of "Electronics Manufacturing with Lead-Free, Halogen-Free, and Conductive-Adhesive Materials". He was honored as 2002 Member of Distinction from SMTA, 2003 Lead Free Co-Operation Award from Soldertec, 2006 Exceptional Technical Achievement Award from CPMT, 2007 Distinguished Lecturer from CPMT, 2009 Distinguished Author from SMTA, and 2010 Electronics Manufacturing Technology Award from CPMT.

T2: Flexible Optical Media for High Data Rate Interconnections
PDC Instructor: Dr. How T. Lin, Endicott Interconnect Technologies, Inc


T3: Understanding the Common Failure Modes from a Physics of Failure Perspective
PDC Instructor: Greg Caswell, DfR Solutions


Course Description: There are numerous failure modes and mechanisms that can impact a product. Understanding how they occur and how to obviate them during the design stage can vastly improve a product's ability to withstand the rigors of its intended environment.

This course will address the common failure modes associated with printed circuit boards,passive components, Integrated Circuits, High Brightness LEDs, QFNs, CSPs, PoP, and MEMs along with the effects of long term storage of components.

Physics of Failure (PoF) is a proactive science based philosophy that addresses material science, physics and chemistry and provides the basis for the student to develop an up-front understanding of failure modes/mechanisms. Knowing how things fail is equally important to understanding how and why things work by enabling engineers and designers to be knowledgeable about root causes of failures so that they can be designed out in new products.

PoF provides a scientific basis for evaluating usage life and hazard risks for new materials, structures and technologies when exposed to their actual operating conditions.

Examples of each failure mode/mechanism will be illustrated along with insight into methods for obviating them.

Who Should Attend? Engineers or designers who are developing new products and want to understand how to enhance their designs by developing an in depth knowledge of the various issues that can impact a product design if the wrong materials, packaging technologies, stress loads, or manufacturing processes are implemented.

Greg Caswell is widely recognized as a pioneer in surface mount technology (SMT) and has 40 years of experience in the electronics industry. Currently he is a Sr. Member of the Technical Staff for DfR Solutions. Previously he was the VP-Engineering for Reactive NanoTechnologies and VP Business Development for Newport Enterprises. His experience encompasses all aspects of SMT manufacturing, circuit board fabrication and materials, advanced packaging (BGA, uBGA, CSP, Flip Chip, QFN), IC fabrication processes and materials, solder reflow, RoHS, and bonding utilizing specialized nanotechnology. Greg, a Past President of IMAPS NA, was the National Chairman for the IMAPS Advanced Technology Workshop program from 1989-2000 and was the Editor in Chief for Advancing Microelectronics magazine from 2009-2012. He received his Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering from Rutgers University and also has a Bachelors in Management from St. Edwards University in Austin.

T4: Embedded Chip Packaging Technologies
PDC Instructor: Ray Fillion, Fillion Consulting

Course Description: Semiconductor process and device advances have provided ever more functionality in a smaller chip footprint and have driven both the high-end computing market and the portable electronics market. Advances in microelectronics packaging have become just as critical to these markets. These device advances come with an increase in device power requirement, cooling needs, I/O counts and voltage delivery sensitivity. Embedded chip approaches have been developed to address these devices advancements and packaging needs. This course will give an in depth look into embedded chip technologies.

It will start with a background overview of semiconductor advances for the past 40 years and they are effecting device power dissipation, supply current, I/O count and clock rate. It will look at the evolving packaging approaches that have occurred over the past 20 years. It will go into the various approaches used in SoP, SiP, MCP and MCM multichip technologies; 3-D technologies; wafer level package. This course will focus on single chip and multichip embedded chip technologies.

It will look at the basic features of embedded chip approaches, their construction and the processes used to fabricate and assemble them. It will look at the leading approaches to these technologies and their inherent advantages and disadvantages. This course will cover issues including yield losses, component handling and availability. The course will look at the leading companies implementing various versions of these technologies and cover the key differentiators between them.

Who Should Attend? This course covers basic and advanced topics for product and design engineers, manufacturing process and assembly/packaging engineers, engineering managers, senior design technicians, consultants and academic specialists as well as marketing and sales personnel requiring an understanding of the capabilities, implications and options of advanced packaging and assembly technologies.

A BSEE graduate of University of Massachusetts, Ray Fillion focuses in the areas advanced packaging and interconnection for next generation microelectronics systems. Ray has more than 40 years experience at GE in Aerospace Electronics and Global Research in all aspects of microelectronics in technical, management, business development and IP licensing positions. Mr. Fillion also has served on Advisory Boards for a variety of technical societies, industry, academic institutions and governmental funded agencies. He has taught courses on advanced packaging for IMAPS, SMTA, GE and several universities. Ray is now heads a consulting firm, Fillion Consulting, specializing in technical assessment of microelectronic technologies and IP including multichip modules, chip scale, 2.5D/3D, embedded chip and power packaging. He was the lead inventor of the GE embedded chip technology with most of his 32 issued US patents in that area. He has been active in a number of technical societies including IMAPS: Executive Council Director, Technical Committee Member, Session Chair, Presenter; ECTC: Technical Committee Member, Session Chair, Presenter; and Symposium of Polymers in Microelectronics: Board Member, Session Chair, Presenter. He has authored more than 125 technical papers, journal papers, and technical articles with three Outstanding Paper awards from the IMAPS International Conference.

T5: Practical Aspects of MEMS and Microsystem Packaging
PDC Instructor: Leland "Chip" Spangler, Aspen Microsystems


Course Description: MEMS and Microsystem devices have seen remarkable growth in both high-volume commercial applications as well as lower-volume specialty applications. One of the key reasons for this growth is the advances made in package technologies and the related reductions in cost and improvements in device function that they enable. This class will provide practical guidance for those looking to leverage these advanced packaging technologies to help bring their products to market. The first portion of the class will set the context for microsystem packaging by exploring a diverse range of real-life applications and the packaging challenges they present. Case studies will be used for this exploration into inertial sensors, micro-displays, RF switches and components, print heads and fuel cells as well as medical packages for neural stimulation and DNA analysis. These case studies will focus not only on package design and system interfaces, but also the material and assembly process challenges they create. The second portion of the class will review the fundamentals of microelectronic package design and assembly process as adapted for MEMS and microsystem applications. Topics will include wafer dicing, die attach, wirebond and flip chip technologies as well as hermetic sealing and non-hermetic encapsulation methods.

Who Should Attend? This course is intended for designers, engineers and technical managers who would like to learn about practical aspects of packaging MEMS and microsystem devices. Through real-life case studies attendees will be given the tools needed to analyze the technical tradeoffs so that the products they are responsible for will meet functional, cost, reliability, size and quality requirements. This course will also be suitable for those who are looking for a broad introduction into the challenges of MEMS packaging. Practical information regarding materials, equipment and processes will provide a solid foundation for attendees to address the packaging challenges in their organization.

Dr. Chip Spangler received his Ph.D. in electrical engineering from The University of Michigan in 1988. He is currently President of Advanced Microsystems providing engineering services for advanced microelectronic devices, with specialties in MEMS package and assembly technologies. Previously Chip was the President and CTO of Aspen Technologies, a microelectronic package and assembly service supplier. He was responsible for developing package solutions for high-pixel count displays, DNA analysis products and MEMS telecom switch arrays as well as a variety of other MEMS devices. Before this, Chip worked at Ford Microelectronics where he had responsibility for pressure sensors, and airbag and chassis accelerometers. His work lead directly to the production of the world's first plastic surface mount airbag accelerometer. Dr. Spangler is the author of over 30 technical publications and has 9 patents. He is currently an editor for IEEE JMEMS and has helped organize a number of MEMS technical conferences.

T6: Signal/Power Integrity Design for Electronic Packaging and 3D System Integration
PDC Instructors: Dr. Ivan Ndip, Fraunhofer IZM; Professor Ege Engin, San Diego State University; Dr. Antonio Ciccomancini Scogna, CST of America


Course Description: Efficient and low-cost design of electronic packages, PCBs and 3D integration technologies requires a good understanding of the root causes of signal integrity (SI), power integrity (PI) and electromagnetic interference (EMI) problems at GHz frequencies, as well as methods to analyze, prevent or solve them. The objective of this course is to illustrate a wide range of methods for electrical modeling, measurement and optimization of electronic packages, PCBs and 3D integration technologies, under consideration of SI, PI and EMI/EMC effects. Measurement techniques for extracting the relative dielectric constant and loss tangent of electronic packaging materials will also be discussed. Finally, design guidelines for system optimization will be provided.

Course Outline:

  • Introduction
    • Technologies for advanced packaging and 3D integration
    • High-speed design challenges
  • Signal Integrity Design and Optimization
    • Lossy transmission lines considering surface roughness and glass weave effect
    • Signal vias in organic and glass interposers
    • Through silicon vias (TSVs) in active and passive silicon for 3D integration
    • Efficient methods for performing signal integrity simulations, considering package/PCB co-simulation
  • Power Integrity Design and Optimization
    • Power-ground plane pairs
    • Decoupling capacitors and simultaneous switching noise (SSN)
    • Electromagnetic band gap (EBG) structures and photonic crystal power/ground layers (PCPLs) for suppressing SSN coupling
    • Efficient methods for performing power integrity simulations
  • Measurement and extraction of relative dielectric constant and loss tangent of packaging materials.

Who Should Attend? Engineers, scientists, researchers, designers, managers and technicians involved in the process of layouts, simulation, design, integration and optimization of electronic packages, PCBs and interconnections.

Dr. Ivan Ndip obtained his M.Sc., and Ph.D. with the highest distinction (Summa Cum Laude) in electrical engineering from the Technical University Berlin, Germany. In 2002, he joined the Fraunhofer-Institute for Reliability and Microintegration (IZM) Berlin as a Research Engineer and worked on signal integrity modeling and design as well as on antenna integration. Since 2006, he has been a Senior Research Engineer and Group Manager of RF & High-Speed System Design, where he's responsible for leading a team of Research Engineers and Graduate Students as well as for developing and leading research projects that focus on electromagnetic modeling, design and optimization of RF/high-speed packages/boards/modules, integrated antennas and passive RF front-end components.

Since 2008 Dr. Ndip has also been a Lecturer in the Department of High-Frequency and Semiconductor System Technologies, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, Technical University Berlin. He is currently engaged in teaching courses on Numerical Techniques in Electromagnetics and on Electromagnetics for Design and Integration of Microsystems. He has more than 100 publications and has won 6 best paper awards at leading international conferences. Dr. Ndip is also a recipient of the Tiburtius-Prize, awarded yearly for outstanding Ph.D. dissertations in the state of Berlin, Germany.

Dr. Ege Engin received his B.S. and M.S. degrees in electrical engineering from Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey, and from University of Paderborn, Germany in 1998 and 2001, respectively. He received his Ph.D degree with Summa Cum Laude from the University of Hannover, Germany in 2004. Dr. Engin has worked as a research engineer with the Fraunhofer-Institute for Reliability and Microintegration in Berlin, Germany and at Georgia Tech. He is currently an Assistant Professor in the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department of San Diego State University. He has more than 60 publications in the areas of signal and power integrity modeling and simulation and 4 patent applications. He has co-authored the book "Power Integrity Modeling and Design for Semiconductors and Systems," published by Prentice Hall in 2007.

Dr. Antonio Ciccomancini Scogna received the Laura and Ph.D. degrees in electrical engineering from the University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy, in 2001 and 2005, respectively. He is currently a Principal Engineer at Computer Simulation Technology (CST) of America, Framingham, MA. His research interests include electromagnetic compatibility numerical modeling, printed and integrated circuits, electromagnetic packaging effects, signal integrity and power integrity analysis in high-speed digital systems. He has authored or coauthored more than 50 publications in IEEE journal transactions, IEEE conference proceedings, and Electronic Design Automation (EDA) magazines. Dr. Ciccomancini is a member of Applied Computational Electromagnetic Society (ACES), Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET), EMC TC-9 and TC-10 Committees. In 2004, he received the CST University Publication Award for the use of the finite-integration technique in signal integrity applications. He is the recipient of DesignCon Finalist Best Paper Award in 2007 and DesignCon Best Paper Award in 2008.

T7: Managing the Effects of Mechanical Stress on Performance of Modern SOCS
PDC Instructors: Riko Radojcic, QTI Qualcomm; Valeriy Sukharev, Mentor Graphics Corporation; Ehrenfried Zschech, Fraunhofer Institute for Nondestructive Testing


Course Description: The proposed course is intended to focus on the potential issues caused by mechanical stress in modern ICs, and specifically on the potential effects of stress on device parametric characteristics. With the current technology trends towards softer insulators and harder conductors, on and off the chip, and with the continued trend towards sub-mm overall component thicknesses, the distribution of strain precipitated by the CPI-driven stress, is expected to be significantly different than in the past. In addition, new features, such as TSVs, and new integration schemes, such as SiP solutions, introduce new sources of stress. This stress results in shifts og device performance and parametric characteristics - phenomena that are harder to detect and hence harder to fix than the traditional CPI issues, such as cracks and delamination. Consequently, this new class of CPI must be addressed proactively during product design. This course will describe the major components of an eco system developed to address this problem. The course is broken into three phases:

1. Product Challenges - a discussion of the various sources of CPI stress and the trends in the technology that make the modern SoC devices susceptible to strain. This portion will also address the challenges of including stress awareness in product design.

2. Modeling Challenges - a discussion of the various modeling methodologies, and a description of techniques used in the simulation tool. This portion will also define the material parameters required.

3. Material Characterization Challenges - discussion of the various characterization techniques for multi-scale materials data, particularly stress, and the selection of the specific solutions used. This portion of the course also describes a specific study conducted to validate the entire methodology.

Who Should Attend? - Chip and Package Design Engineers - Product Managers - Technology Integration Engineers - Failure Analysis Engineers - Reliability Engineers

Riko Radojcic is a Senior Director of Engineering at Qualcomm QTI, and a leader of 3D Technology team. Radojcic has more than thirty year's experience in the semiconductor industry; and held various positions as an independent consultant, and at PDF Solutions, Tality, Cadence, Unisys and Burroughs. Radojcic received his BSc and PhD from University of Salford, UK.

Valeriy Sukharev is a Technical Lead at the Design to Silicon Division of Mentor Graphics Corporation, Fremont, CA. Sukharev leads research and development of new full-chip modeling and simulation capabilities for the semiconductor processing and DFM/DFR applications. Prior to Mentor Graphics, Dr. Sukharev was a Visiting Professor with Brown University, Providence, RI, and a Guest Researcher with NIST, Gaithersburg, MD. He held senior technical positions at LSI Logic Advanced Development Lab, Milpitas, CA. He holds Ph.D. in physical chemistry from the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Ehrenfried Zschech is Division Director at Fraunhofer Institute for Nondestructive Testing in Dresden. His responsibilities include micro- and nanoanalysis as well as R&D in the field of test systems. He received his diploma degree in solid-state physics and his Dr. rer. nat. degree from Dresden University of Technology. Zschech gathered experience in industry, during 17 years in several technical and management positions at Airbus and AMD. He holds honorary professorships for nanomaterials at the Brandenburg University of Technology in Cottbus and for nanoanalysis at the Dresden University of Technology. Zschech is acting as President of the Federation of European Materials Societies (FEMS).

T8: Introduction to the Design and Fabrication of RF, High Speed and Microwave Hybrids, MCM's and Modules
PDC Instructor: Tom Terlizzi, GM Systems LLC


Course Description: The course presents electrical and physical design, manufacturing, materials, quality and reliability information in terms understandable to engineering and non-engineering personnel. RF Packaging history, characteristics and drivers will be outlined. Types of packages (IC, chip scale, MEMS, Hybrid, MCM, Flip Chip, BGA, Aluminum and Kovar housings) and substrates (Thick and thin film, HTCC, LTCC ceramic, organic) and critical differences among them and their High Frequency applications (Microstrip, Stripline, Coplanar will be discussed. RF and Microwave layout and the commonly used design tools and software will be outlined. The course will look at the design selection to meet use and application environments. Step-by-step manufacturing flow for different packages and products will be presented as an example to understand the complexity of processes, materials and equipment involved in their manufacture. RF & Microwave packaging concepts will be introduced and the tradeoffs of different interconnect methodology (connectors, wire bonds, ribbon bonds, AuSi & AuSn eutectic, soft solder and epoxy. Materials selection with respect to thermal resistance will be discussed. Finite Element and reliability software will be discussed to insure the design will perform to specification. Quality and reliability issues related to RF packaging and their present and future solutions will be outlined.

Who Should Attend? - It will help the attendees to understand the application and assembly of Rf and Microwave microelectronic package technology on the next level interconnect and the service environment that microelectronic packages must protect its components. Personnel (Design engineers and process engineers) entering the RF microelectronic packaging field will have a critical look at the electrical design, physical design, layout quality, reliability and material issues related to the development and manufacture of microwave modules. Non-packaging personnel will learn the ins and outs of RF packaging. Non-technical personnel will learn the material and manufacturing intricacies of RF and Microwave microelectronic packages and the associated buzzwords used to describe them.

Tom Terlizzi is VP at GM Systems, a Management and Technology consulting firm, providing Microelectronic Business & Technology plans, , Marketing & Sales strategy, Product development for microelectronic projects and business proposal support. He has designed and developed Power management systems, Single board computers, microelectronic circuits, hybrids, COB modules, ICs, RF modules, for over 30 years for military, aerospace, telecom and consumer markets as a VP/GM, Director of marketing, Chief Engineer, Operations/Engineering manager at Aeroflex, Norden/UTC, G.I. Microelectronics and Grumman. He spearheaded acquisitions of several high tech companies,ISO9000/Mil-PRF-38534 quality certifications. He received a BEE from CCNY, a MSEE from NYU-Poly & has published several articles, papers and tutorials at international conferences, edited books on electronic packaging, consulted for the DoD on advanced RF electronic packaging. Tom was the Metro ISHM Chapter President in 1983 and in his free time also writes a Blog for EDN Magazine Online - Looking @ electronics.


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