The History of the Society
40th Anniversary History by René E. Coté
Roger Cadenhead wrote the first “ISHM roots” for the 25th anniversary of the Society. At that time he prefaced the work with: “When I was asked some months ago to piece together the history of ISHM, I did not quite know how demanding a task that would be. I used what minutes of Executive Council meetings I had from the first 10 years and contacted National to find what minutes they had. Luckily, between the two of us, we found them all. The next task was to obtain the help I needed to get the minutes transcribed to determine for you what happened during certain periods of ISHM's history. As accurately as we could cipher the information, here it is for you and for posterity. I would like to thank all who contributed to this history and without whose help this would not have been possible: Bob Holmes, Andy London, René Coté, Jim Keski, Jannette Williams, Manford Williamson, and Jerry Sergent. Here are ISHM's 'roots.' Hope you enjoy them.”
In 1997, as we prepared to celebrate our 30th anniversary, Roger was recovering from a serious stroke and I was asked to collaborate with him to update the history and I prefaced the updated article with: “This article is essentially reprinted from its original form as compiled by Roger Cadenhead for the 25th anniversary issue of Inside ISHM. As we prepared for the 30th anniversary of ISHM, the 20th anniversary of IEPS and essentially the beginning of IMAPS, we felt that Roger's article should be reprinted and I have been presumptuous enough to believe that I could adequately bring it up to date. I have used the same format and called on the IMAPS staff in Reston to provide the minutes of the meetings so that the result matches the standards that were set by Roger. The result is the expanded 'roots' of ISHM and I reiterate Roger's hope that you enjoy them. – R.C.”
It is now 2007 and Jim Drehle, my good friend and collaborator in the merger of ISHM and IEPS to form IMAPS, has asked me to update the work. It is an honor to do it. As I embark on this work, my hope is that I am still here in 2017 and still have enough of my wits about me to update it again. I was at the very first meeting organized by the people who soon after founded ISHM. That meeting was organized as a local affair to bring together people with a desire to discuss problems and issues related to a fledgling technology called thick film hybrids. Word of the meeting spread throughout the country and people were eager to participate and continue a dialog. The initial purpose of the Society was to gather and disseminate information about thick film technology. We’ve come a long way baby! I am one of very few people who have served as president of both the IEPS and ISHM and I was privileged to lead the IEPS effort to merge with ISHM. I have taken the liberty of editing the original text as well as adding the next ten years with the help of all of the past-Presidents.
Ten years ago, “The Birth and Early Life of IEPS” was also written and I have incorporated that article into this one as well.
I hope that you will all join me in congratulating the Society for its ability to reinvent itself in order to keep itself viable and wishing it continued success as it marches into the future. Like Roger, I would like to thank all of the people who helped me to compile this history. In addition to the people listed above, I want to add Dick Clark and Charlie Harper to the list for their assistance in compiling the IEPS history. I would also like to extend a special thank you to Ann Bell for digging through the archives and just “being there.” - R.E.C.
The idea for the International Society for Hybrid Microelectronics — ISHM — was conceived earlier in the year 1967 when the group that became the founders of the Society sponsored a meeting to discuss issues and problems related to thick film hybrid circuit technology. “It all started as a seminar, not a Society. We were just looking for ways to learn about the technology,” said Jack Hinchey, one of the four founders. “We figured it would be a small meeting of about 30 to 40 people - we got a couple of hundred,” said George Doyle, also one of the founders. The first meeting was held at Rickey’s Hyatt House in Palo Alto, California, and the program was repeated the next week in Los Angeles. There were people in the lobby of the meeting place cautioning attendees that the meeting might violate antitrust laws. It became obvious that the topic of discussion had widespread appeal. Word of mouth spread notice of this meeting and attendees came from all over the country. All of the attendees expressed an interest to continue the dialog. It was one of the first times that people came together to discuss mutual technical and manufacturing problems as technologists rather than scientists.
The first meeting for which recorded minutes were taken was May 5, 1967. Bob Waer served as Secretary of the Society. A Society name had already been chosen and a logo selected. The four founding fathers were present, George Doyle, Bob Waer, George West, and John Hinchey, along with André Sousan, who was to be ISHM's first European Director. At this meeting, it was decided that André would handle only continental Europe, and a director would be appointed to handle the United Kingdom. Dave Boswell was appointed to handle the United Kingdom.
The ISHM newsletter, later to be known as Inside ISHM, was born that year. The original intent was to publish the newsletter every three to four weeks, but, ultimately, that decision proved too cumbersome because "newsy" items were hard to come by. Also, in 1967, the idea for the ISHM Journal was born, but the Journal would not come to fruition for several more years.
The original dues were set at $10.00 per annum for the U.S. and $12.00 per annum for European members. After the issue of dues was decided, the thrust of the Society and membership benefits were determined so that prospective members could know what they would receive for those dues. For example, each member was entitled to one copy of the conference Proceedings for one-half the regular $12.50 price.
Several standing committees were formed. The first committees included the Executive Committee, the Budget, the Nominating, and the Publications Committees. Several “potholes in the road” also began to develop that year. For instance, technical magazines began publishing ISHM Proceedings’ articles without giving ISHM credit. All-in-all, however, the year was a resounding success with two Symposia held and two Proceedings published. In addition, local chapter meetings were already being held by ISHM's oldest chapter, the Northern California Chapter. Local chapter activity became an important factor in the success of the Society’s growth.
In 1967, George Doyle became ISHM’s first President, the Society was incorporated as a California corporation, Regional Directors were appointed, the newsletter was officially born, plans for the Journal were delayed, and the Society began to flourish.
Charter members were:
Altschul, Barry Amey, Daniel Anjard, Ronald Aoki, Edward
Balde, Jack Bates, Frank Belko, William Bell, Harold
Berdner, Thomas Bernier, Dennis Bonham, Harry Bradley, James
Bryant, Dennis Buchanan, Relva Buchoff, Leonard Burks, Darnall
Byrum, James Callaway, Dwight Canning, Terry Cavitt, Walton
Chalman, Ronald Champ, Samuel Clark, Richard Cocca, Theodore
Codiga, Richard Coronis, Harry Coronis, Lewis Coté, René
Cox, John Davis, Mitch DeCoursey, Donald Degnan, James
DeHart, Barbara Dietz, Raymond Doyle, George Durso, Frank
Egli, Norman Fishel, Jerome Flagg Jr., Willard Floyd, Lyman
Forman, Samuel Franck, Donald Gildein, Edward Gjone, Robert
Goldstein, Gerald Goodman, Amiel Grace, Paul Groff, Denver
Hamer, Donald Harper, Charles Hartman, Dale Heller, Paul
Himmel, Richard Hinchey, John Holmes, Robert Ibrahim, Shawki
Isaak, Harlan Ives, George Kahn, William Kavanaugh, Michael
Kelemen, Denis King, James Kratochvil, Robert Kummel, Marshall
Kuo, Charles Lane, George Layden, Owen Leonard, Ira
Levinthal, Donald Lubowe, Anthony MacDuff Jr., John Manko, Howard
Markstein, Howard Martin, Jacob Martin, F. Wayne Martin, Robert
McClure, David McElroy, James McGonnell, Joseph Meuli, William
Miller, C. Fred Miller, Kenneth Mones, Arthur Morritz, Fred
Mozer, Donald Ney, Kirk Nixen, David Ost, Robert
Peckinpaugh, Carl Pichler, Helmut Provance, Jason Ragan, Randall
Rao, U. Rasmanis, Egons Reifel, Harry Riemer, Dietrich
Roberts, Wilfred Robles, James Roveda, Lawrence Sheffer, O. Newell
Sherman, Milton Shilliday, Theodore Siegel, Franklin Sipper, John
Skurnick, Hal Slowinski, Raymond Smith, Fred Stein, Sidney
Suppelsa, Anthony Szekely, George Tausch, Fred Thiel, Ronald
Thomas, Ernest Topfer, Morton Unger, Robert Waer, Robert
Waite, Gilbert Waters, William Welterlen, James West, George
Wood, Donald Wood, Franklin
This was a year of many growing pains for the fledgling Society. The newsletter had been born, but thoughts of the Journal had been tabled. Now, new thoughts of the Journal arose. It was decided by the Executive Committee (a committee to handle administrative functions as opposed to the Technical Committee who oversaw all of the Society’s technical affairs) that the journal should exist, but that advertising would be allowed in up to 25% of the Journal's space. No thought was given to advertising in the newsletter.
Chicago was chosen as the site for the 1968 Symposium. The date was to be October. That year, the Proceedings sold to ISHM members for $12.00. At first, the Steering Committee wanted IEEE to co-sponsor the symposium for 25% of the take, but that idea was later disapproved and in fact ISHM, which had made early overtures to other technical societies, decided to go it on its own. No exhibits were allowed at the 1968 symposium for fear that the symposium would be perceived as a trade show and thus diminish the technical image that ISHM wanted to portray. It was also agreed that the location for the 1968 Symposium should be decided by the Regional Directors who would bid for the National Symposium on behalf of their local groups.
This was also the year when chapter dues were suspended in favor of an increase in National dues. In 1968, ISHM's bylaws began to be assembled under the direction of Wayne Martin. Symposium guidelines were considered but not generated. The Publications Committee was proving to be one of ISHM's strongest entities. The overriding sentiment of the ISHM leadership that year was to make ISHM first and foremost a technical society dedicated to the gathering and dissemination of knowledge related to thick film technology and not to make ISHM a trade society that sponsored trade shows. Members of the leadership jokingly saw each other as wearing white hats if they were pure technologists and black hats if they were vendors or had commercial interests. The technologists argued for a pure technical Society and the “black hats” argued that the Society needed to generate funds in order to survive.
1968 Hughes Award/Fellow – Harry L. Coronis
The tone of ISHM began to change this year as the leaders recognized the need to generate funds to support an international Society. Dick Bader pointed to the advantages of having exhibits at the international Symposium. He felt that, if properly handled, exhibits could add an opportunity for attendees to see materials and equipment they may not have the chance to see without additional expense to their company and booth space sales would generate much needed revenue.
Six hundred thirty-five attendees were in Dallas for that year's Symposium and proved to be a financial success even though the Symposium was not allowed to have exhibits. Once again, that year, an attempt was made to complete the bylaws that the ISHM fathers felt were so badly needed. Publications dominated the meeting topics of ISHM's officers in 1968.
The main thrust of the talks centered on having the technical publication Solid State Technology dedicate a section of its magazine, in which no advertising would be found, to ISHM's technical articles. In fact, the Executive Committee favored turning over all publications, including the Proceedings’ to SST. Arrangements were made to do so; both parties seemed pleased with the arrangement; and the year closed with agreements in place to affiliate with SST.
The Society’s leadership set an ISHM goal to have 10,000 members by 1974; an attempt was made to start a supplier's guide (now called a buyer's guide); a Japanese chapter was formed under the direction of Dr. Eizi Sugata; and a long range planning committee was established. It was also decided to hold the 1970 Symposium in Chicago.
F. Wayne Martin served as ISHM’s President in both 1968 and 1969.
1969 Hughes Award/Fellow – James B. D’Andrea
The Symposium was not held in Chicago. Instead, it was held in Beverly Hills, California. To open 1970, the decision was made to remain permanently independent and not merge with IEEE or any other society. Plans were made to interest corporate members in joining ISHM for an annual fee of $150. Corporate membership would not be in lieu of individual membership. Individual membership dues were increased from $10 per year to $15 per year. The 1970 Symposium proved to be a financial disaster and the Society almost died. Some of the members of the Executive Council borrowed money and subsidized the Society to allow it to continue.
The need for an Executive Secretary (Director) was recognized this year. The merger committee of ISHM, which had made this decision, was informed that IEEE would form its own section devoted to hybrid microelectronics called Components, Hybrids, and Packaging Technology (later Components, Hybrids, and Manufacturing Technology). This section of the IEEE would cooperate fully with ISHM.
George West announced that exhibitors' space would be set aside for vendors at the next Symposium. He was admonished severely by the Executive Committee, who wanted only to stress the high technical standards of ISHM and did not want ISHM Symposia to become another NEPCON. It was decided this year that sites for future Symposia would be selected well in advance because it was becoming difficult to find adequate facilities on short notice.
Also this year, 1970, the policy of giving new chapters assistance grants plus an amount of each member's dues was questioned because of mounting financial problems at the national level. The policy, however, remained as an initial grant of $100 for each new chapter plus $4 of each member's dues that were remitted back to that chapter.
John Woulbroun was ISHM's 1970 President.
1970 Hughes Award/Fellow – Arthur H. Mones
1970 Corporate Recognition Award – General Motors Corporation, Delco Division
1971 opened with an Executive Council meeting on February 10th during which Dennis Bryant suggested that ISHM drop the word "hybrid" from its name (this suggestion would come back time and again in the future). It was argued that the term limited the image ISHM wanted to project and might curtail future membership. This motion was entertained by the Executive Council but was tabled unanimously (it would not come up again in earnest until 1989). This year, ISHM succumbed to the fact that exhibits were going to be necessary if ISHM were to remain self-supporting. Plans were drawn to allow exhibits and possibly even tabletop space at the 1971 Symposium.
Corporate members were actively solicited this year, but for $100 per member, not the previously-approved $150 per member. The Executive Council struggled with ways to raise the necessary funds required to support the Society’s goals.
Additionally, it was agreed that one corporate representative would enjoy full ISHM membership for each corporate voting member, an idea that had been previously shunned. Student membership was conceived in 1971 but these memberships would not have voting rights. The assessment per student would be $5.00 per year. Before the year's end, Bill Liederbach was charged with the responsibility to actively encourage the formation of student chapters.
ISHM further decided that the Society’s seal and name could be used for no purpose other than to represent the Society. Under no circumstances could the name, acronym, or seal be used for commercial purposes by anyone other than the Society itself.
This year the Steering Committee Chair of the upcoming Symposium was invited to join the Executive Council as an ex officio member. Dennis Bryant was charged with the responsibility for drafting guidelines for all future Symposia.
Robert Phillips was appointed to establish an Awards Committee and to determine criteria/nominations for a person who exemplified ISHM's ideals, a company to receive the Corporate Recognition Award, a person or company (outside ISHM) for a special service award (no longer given), and for the Founder's Award (came with lifetime membership in ISHM). The personal award was named the Daniel C. Hughes, Jr., Memorial Award before the symposium. It was further resolved that, although the Awards Committee would select nominees for awards, the Executive Council would ultimately decide who received the award.
Dwight Callaway was the 1971 and 1972 President of ISHM.
1971 Hughes Award/Fellow – Martin P. Lepselter
1971 Corporate Recognition Award – Sprague Electric Company
ISHM began 1972 heavily involved in establishing liaisons with other technical societies. The rationale was that ISHM needed to maintain contact with other technical societies if it were to offer its members what they wanted and needed. However, ISHM intended to maintain a strong posture by taking the lead in such endeavors.
The Executive Council also decided not to publish a Journal since the Council opined that the industry was now steady-state, and good papers would not be found that could fill such a Journal. Besides, it was argued, the Journal needed to present itself as high quality and be archival if it were going to attract major efforts worthy of publication. Finally, there was discussion that the IEEE already published journals on the subject and competition with them would prove to be a folly.
The financial support that National would give local chapters was decided. That support would be $200 annually if the chapter submitted its annual report, $2.50 per year per each active member and finally, $5.00 for each new member. The Executive Council decided that the activities of chapters, trying to generate their own revenue, were getting out of hand. The Council decided to write guidelines concerning how each chapter should conduct itself and that governing the chapters should be more centralized. A driving force for this was the fear that the Society might lose its tax-exempt status.
Society activity in Japan, England, Sweden and France increased. The only problem noticed by ISHM in dealing with international chapters was communications. International chapters were self-sufficient and self-governing entities with a very loose if any legal affiliation with the U.S. parent organization.
For the first time, ISHM began to expand into technologies other than thick film. At the 1972 Symposium, one thin film session was planned. Also, the Executive Council decided that the Monday luncheon would be the annual business meeting of the Society. It was suggested that a Fellowship be added to the list of awards of the Society. This motion was tabled for further study.
1972 Hughes Award/Fellow – Dwight W. Callaway
1972 Corporate Recognition Award – RCA Corp.
Although discussed during 1972, this year ISHM's Executive Council unanimously agreed to grant a fellowship of $4,000 for graduate study in microelectronics. It was further agreed that ISHM would contribute to the recipient's travel to the ISHM Symposium. Gary Johnson was the first winner of this award. To aid universities in their equipment and materials needs, the Executive Council established an Equipment and Materials Committee which implored corporate members to help with donations.
A Semiconductor Liaison Committee was established in 1972 and became very active in 1973. The Committee's purpose was to assemble the Society membership’s needs and to inform the semiconductor industry what the packaging industry required in order to use their devices.
To encourage corporate membership, booth rental prices at the National Symposium were reduced for corporate members. The Executive Council discussed the issue that abstracts would no longer be acceptable for the Proceedings. If the complete paper were not available for publication, Robert Mandal argued to drop it from the Symposium. There was much opposition to this since the Council felt that more recent material might be presented if the author was not restricted to a paper written months in advance. The plea did not catch on in 1973, but by 1974, it became the rule rather than the exception.
The ISHM Standards Committee, established in 1972, began to conduct "bull" sessions at various conferences related to microelectronics. This effort was headed by Dan Zimmerman, and later when he worked for ISHM, Dan saw these efforts become a part of ISHM's published literature. Ultimately, the aim was to produce a parallel to MIL-M-38510 and MIL-STD-883 but specifically directed toward hybrids instead of integrated circuits. Today, we have MIL-STD-38534 and MIL-STD-1772.
Finally, in 1973, the Executive Council opposed the aid or reimbursement for expenses of any ISHM officer or contributor other than those employed by non-profit or government organizations. Only then could expenses be covered above and beyond what the contributor's company would cover. Prior to running for elective office, the candidate was required to produce a letter of support from his company or institution.
ISHM's President in 1973 was Donald Sutherland.
1973 Hughes Award/Fellow – Leslie W. Chapin
1973 Corporate Recognition Award – CTS Corporation
All committees reported satisfactory progress during 1974. No new committees were formed. Several magazines approached ISHM for material to publish. These efforts were immediately disapproved. ISHM membership lists were computerized for the first time during 1974.
On March 31, 1974, Bob Stansel resigned as the Executive Secretary of ISHM and was replaced by Glenn Dowler. The ISHM National office was relocated from Chicago, Illinois, to Montgomery, Alabama. One of Dowler's first acts was to reposition ISHM funds to remove such an excess of funds from a checking where no interest was being drawn. ISHM, for the first time, was starting to function like a small corporation.
The 1974 Symposium was held in Boston. Another attempt was made during 1974 to establish guidelines for staging ISHM Symposia. Again this year, as with last year, the motion to have a professional service stage the Symposium was denied.
ISHM’s President in 1974 was Glen A. Burdick.
1974 Hughes Award/Fellow – Morton L. Topfer
1974 Corporate Recognition Award – Globe Union Inc., Centralab Division
To be used by the 1975 Symposium Committee was the newly-generated ISHM Symposium Guidelines. These guidelines more clearly delineated the role of the Symposium Committee and that of ISHM National. ISHM began efforts to publish a survey on industry wages/salaries. The Hybrid Microelectronics Standard Specification Guidelines was published. ISHM published a listing of its goals and objectives as a society in 1975 with the Regional Directors' job description.
For the first time the Executive Council voted to allow advertising in Inside ISHM, the official newsletter of ISHM. The amount of advertising should be restricted to 25% of the available space. During 1975, Inside ISHM was copyrighted.
Regular membership stood around 2000 throughout 1975 due somewhat to the stagnant economy and somewhat to the fact that ISHM had raised dues by $5 a year. The corporate membership base was broadened to include any institution that wished to support ISHM and was officially renamed the "Corporate and Institutional Membership." The Advisory Board, consisting of past presidents of ISHM, was established in 1975.
The European Liaison Committee (ELC) was formed and the Society truly became International.
Once again, the idea of a spouses' program was addressed but tabled since it was felt that the hotel provided excellent assistance in arranging tours if they were so desired. The Symposium was held in Orlando, Florida.
ISHM’s President in 1975 was Dennis L. Bryant.
1975 Hughes Award/Fellow – Donald W. Hamer
1975 Corporate Recognition Award – Not Awarded
The 1976 Symposium was the only one ever held outside the continental United States. It was held in Vancouver, BC, Canada. The 1977 Symposium was held in Baltimore, Maryland. ISHM began long-range planning during this period, extending the dates to five years for the locations of future Symposia. During this period, National also began to take a more active role in the planning and staging of ISHM Symposia.
The ISHM Technical Journal was conceptualized and started, with the first issue coming out in January 1978. This had long been a dream of ISHM leaders since the inception of the Society. Guidelines for this Journal were established and it was decided that a guest editor would chair each issue.
A Fellow of the Society Award was established during 1977. For the first time the subject of travel expense aid to Council members was approached. This was a move to get more people interested in running for National office. Initial proposals were to render aid to those who could not get their companies to foot the bill. During this time frame, ISHM began offering job location assistance to those who needed it. Later, this would become a feature of ISHM's offerings to its members.
ISHM’s President in 1976 was Daniel D. Zimmerman and Gilbert C. Waite was President in 1977.
1976 Hughes Award/Fellow – Donald C. Sutherland
1976 Corporate Recognition Award – Beckman Instruments
1977 Hughes Award/Fellow – Sidney J. Stein
1977 Corporate Recognition Award – Electro Scientific Industries, Inc.
On October 5, 1977, a group of interested parties met at the Rosemont during NEPCON/Central to discuss a new society for electronic packaging and production engineers. Attending were George Messner, Cortland Hill, Phodi Han, Gerald Keitel, Wayne Martin, William Kahn and Fred Morritz. Wayne Martin ran the meeting. The participants referred to inputs received from Jack Balde, Dick Clark and Dan Amey.
The attendees decided to organize a meeting to be held in early March 1978 at the O'Hare Hyatt Regency. On December 8, 1977, Don Levinthal, Dennis Bernier, Charlie Harper, Fred Morritz, Wayne Martin and William Kahn met to lay the groundwork for a new Society.
The purpose of the Society was defined as:
To provide the exchange of information in the electronics packaging and production area.
To provide a forum for both the written and the oral papers.
To aid in establishing the identity of packaging engineers by defining the discipline.
To aid in educational methods in the field of electronic packaging and production.
The name they chose for the Society was: International Electronics Packaging Society for Packaging, Manufacturing and Systems Technologies.
Interim officers were appointed. Wayne Martin was named chairman, Fred Morritz secretary, William Kahn vice-chairman, Charlie Harper technical program coordinator and Dennis Bernier treasurer. They decided that the first official meeting of the group would be held in conjunction with the Anaheim NEPCON '78 meeting. The Kiver Organization funded the new Society in the amount of $2000 per year and provided secretarial services for the new Society against this $2000. In return, a long-term contract was requested for the sponsorship of the NEPCON Conferences and Exhibitions. Fred Morritz was given the task of getting the new Society registered. A certificate of incorporation was granted on April 18, 1978. The name of the new Society became International Electronics Packaging Society.
The first Board of Directors consisted of:
Wayne Martin, Charlie Harper, Dennis Bernier, Fred Morritz, William Kahn, Don Levinthal, George Messner, Cortland Hill, David Nixen, Dan Amey, Dick Clark, Len Buchoff and Jack Balde.
This period of ISHM's history saw actual publication of ISHM's first technical Journal, a subject about which much early discussion took place. Recall that as early as the first year, ISHM's leaders wanted a technical journal. During this period, a chapter was formed in Israel, the first in the Mid-East.
ISHM's bylaws were dramatically overhauled to form the basis of the present bylaws. The entire organization was structured and charted to form the basis of the present structure under which ISHM now operates. A joint effort with another Society besides IEEE was attempted and successfully executed. ISHM and the IPC collaborated to create the Hybrid Microcircuits Design Guidelines, which today is still sold by ISHM as an industry standard.
A Policies and Procedures Manual was approved by the Executive Council to supplement the society's bylaws. The Journal was going well with 1 to 2 issues per year being published. By 1980, the fourth Journal had been published. Also, the year 1980 was the time that the present awards structure was established, with awards being the responsibility of a standing committee, the Awards Committee, under the direction of the First Past President.
ISHM’s President in 1978 was Robert L. Waer followed by Jerry E. Sergent in 1979 and Donald T. DeCoursey in 1980.
1978 Hughes Award/Fellow – Not Awarded
1978 Corporate Recognition Award – DuPont Company, Electronic Materials Division
1979 Hughes Award/Fellow – Daniel D. Zimmerman
1979 Corporate Recognition Award – General Electric Company, Mobile Communications Division
1980 Hughes Award/Fellow – Gilbert C. Waite
1980 Ashman Award – Daniel I. Amey
1980 Wagnon Technical Achievement Award – Salvadore V. Caruso
1980 Corporate Recognition Award – Rockwell International
The first meeting of the IEPS was held at the Anaheim Convention Center on March 1, 1978. The program consisted of an introduction of the Society by Wayne Martin, a keynote address by Charlie Harper who spoke about "The Future of Electronic Packaging," a paper by Dr. Dean McKee on "The Future of Electronic Packaging for the Military and Aerospace Industry," a paper by Cortland Hill on "The Future of Electronic Packaging for the Consumer and Commercial Market" and a panel discussion on electronic packaging moderated by David Nixen. The panelists consisted of Charlie Harper, John Kanz, George Messner and George Werbizky. On March 2, 1978, the Board of Directors of the new Society met. Present at that meeting were Wayne Martin, Don Levinthal, Cortland Hill, Dan Amey, David Nixen, Jack Balde, Fred Morritz and Dick Clark. Ira Leonard sat in as an interested spectator.
A membership committee was formed and Ira Leonard and David Nixen volunteered to be members of the committee. The Board of Directors then designated various persons to liaise with other Societies. Thus, IEPS not only began a Society geared at production and packaging engineers but also as an umbrella Society that would lead the way in Society liaison.
The following volunteered to interact with other Societies:
Jack Balde-with the IEEE Computer Packaging Group
Len Buchoff-with the Society for Engineers
David Nixen-with JEDEC/IEC and the American Chemical Society
Wayne Martin-with ISHM
George Messner-with the IPC
Dan Amey-with the Electronic Connector Study Group
Ira Leonard-with the Society of Logistics Engineers (SOLE)
The Board of Directors also elected its first officers. Wayne Martin was elected President, William Kahn was elected Vice President, Fred Morritz was elected Secretary, Dennis Bernier was elected Treasurer and Charlie Harper was elected Technical Coordinator.
On July 24, 1978, a letter was written to Wayne Martin to serve as an agreement between Industrial & Scientific Conference Management, Inc. (ISCM) and IEPS whereby ISCM would provide a meeting place as needed for the IEPS, provide the means for an annual meeting for IEPS at the yearly NEPCON/West Conference, provide all the facilities for an annual conference at NEPCON/West to be organized and conducted by the IEPS, provide a sum of $1000 per year to be used, in any manner, by the IEPS Board of Directors with the suggestion that it be used to pay the expenses and/or honorarium to IEPS invited speakers or be used for scholarships or for some other cause that would enhance the technological image of the Society. In addition, ISCM would provide secretarial services up to $1000 per year; provide reasonable administrative services and publish the IEPS news monthly in Electronic Packaging and Production (EP&P) magazine.
In return, IEPS would co-sponsor NEPCON/West, East and Central for a period of 10 years and aid in the organization of NEPCON meetings to an extent mutually agreed upon. The IEPS was welcomed to organize sessions at other NEPCON or associated conferences. Wayne Martin signed the agreement on behalf of the IEPS, August 2, 1978.
At the Society's meeting on October 25, 1978, Fred Morritz tendered his resignation and suggested that Bill Ashman be named to replace him.
In December 1978, Charlie Harper and Ira Leonard organized an IEPS Thermal Management Workshop. It consisted of five presentations and an open workshop discussion. The topics of discussion were:
"Integrated Thermal Avionics Design," Application of Finite Element Analysis to
Electronic Packages," "Future Systems Require New Thermal Design," "Thermal Considerations for JED EC and Other High Density Packages," and "Integration of Thermal Design into Package Hardware."
After the workshop, Charlie Harper wrote a report to Dennis Bernier telling him that $255 had been collected; the cost of catering was $155.20, so the workshop generated a profit of $99.80. I guess this means that IEPS's workshops created a positive cash flow from the beginning. This launched a series of technology workshops that became one of the important activities of the IEPS. The registration fee was $15. In February 1980, the Treasurer reported a balance of $1512.00.
Dick Clark was elected President in 1980. The first local chapter was formed in the Baltimore/Washington area in July 1980 and Steve Konsowski was elected Chapter President. The logo of the Society was selected at a June 1980 meeting held in New York City. At that meeting, the Board of Directors decided to try to organize a two-day technical conference. Bill Ashman was designated to be Executive Secretary of the IEPS.
A computerized accounting service was implemented for use by ISHM National on January 1, 1981. That accounting service was to provide reports on total assets, total liabilities and members' equity, monthly income and expenses by major account, cumulative schedule of income by line item, cumulative schedule of expenses by line item, monthly changes in financial position, monthly changes in components of working capital, monthly statement of cash flow, and detailed listing of income and expenses compared to the budget.
New ISHM chapters were established in Poland and Spain, and plans were formulated for chapters in Hong Kong, Singapore, Yugoslavia, Hungary, Australia, and New Zealand. Once again ISHM felt the strong need to establish official liaison with such international standards groups as the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), International Electro-Chemical Union (IEC), International Standards Association (ISA), German National Standards (DIN), and European Common Community (ECC). Dan Zimmerman reported that a new standards activity was about to be started. ISHM supported an interest to develop a standard for computer-aided design of hybrid microcircuits.
During this period, the Executive Council proposed that a Best Symposium Paper Award be established, the selection of which would be made following the symposium from the Best Session Papers by the Technical Vice President, President Elect, Vice President, the current year's Program Chairman, and the next year's Program Chairman.
That year, ISHM experienced confusion between the Executive Director and Director of Technical Services of the Society. To resolve this conflict, a proposed job description for a new position entitled Director of Technical Services was proposed. That proposal tried to resolve the problem of interface between the new position and the existing Headquarters staff by placing the Director of Technical Services and Executive Director on the same organizational level with each reporting separately to the President. IEPS showed an interest during December 1981 in developing more liaison activities with ISHM and not only accepted the Society's invitation to sponsor a workshop at ISHM '82, but invited ISHM to reciprocate with a workshop at its 1982 symposium.
1982 saw Glenn Dowler, ISHM's Executive Director, review the automation of processing membership renewals. President David Somerville announced that the Executive Committee had selected Daniel D. Zimmerman as its choice for Director of Technical Services and had requested the Executive Council to approve the Committee's recommendation. Two additions to the 1982 Symposium technical program were made: one, a seminar on surface-mounted devices, and two, a one-day meeting for managers of captive hybrid operations to promote communications and mutual understanding of non-technical, operational, and administrative issues in a friendly, non-threatening environment.
Robert E. Holmes was President in 1981 and David T. Somerville filled the position in 1982.
1981 Hughes Award/Fellow – J. Howard Beck
1981 Ashman Award – Jon Prokop
1981 Wagnon Technical Achievement Award – George G. Harman, Ronald C. Headley, Thomas T. Hitch, James A. Loughran, Robert W. Vest
1981 Corporate Recognition Award – Western Electric Company, Merrimack Valley Works
1981 Fellow – Daniel I. Amey, J. Howard Beck, Randolf Early, Jerry E. Sergent, Thomas B. Gillis, Robert E. Hicks, Richard P. Himmel, Kermit W. Heid, Karel Kurzweil, George D. Lane, Jon Prokop, Eizi Sugata, Robert L. Waer, George R. West
1982 Hughes Award/Fellow – Kermit W. Heid
1982 Ashman Award – Not Awarded
1982 Wagnon Technical Achievement Award – Dietrich E. Riemer, John R. Larry, James J. Licari
1982 Fellow – Dennis L. Bryant, Jon F. Krause, Paul F. Parks, Sr., Manford Williamson
The First International Conference of the IEPS was held November 8-11, 1981, in Cleveland Ohio. The Conference was an obvious success and as of January 1, 1982, the IEPS had $20,387 in the bank.
During 1983, ISHM received a letter from the USSR National Public Library for Science and Technology proposing the exchange of technical publications with ISHM. That year, it was also decided to have the Silver Anniversary meeting (1992) in San Francisco. The total membership of ISHM as of March 1983 was 4,623 members. In an effort to affiliate with other technical societies, ISHM encouraged the Purdue University ISHM student chapter to join with the American Ceramic Society chapter already active at that University.
Jack Barrington, chairman of ISHM's Liaison Activities Committee attended, as ISHM's representative, the first meeting of the Intersociety Liaison Committee attended by the CHMT of the IEEE, IEPS, SME, IPC, ECSG, and ISHM. Organizational membership had risen to 228 by May of 1983. Although ISHM had to reluctantly rescind the charter of the chapter in New Mexico, it did charter a new student chapter at the University of Arizona. The Best Paper of the Symposium award was renamed the Lewis F. Miller Award. Also, during 1983, a 13-course curriculum was produced and a course curriculum was published by ISHM. Monographs were published by ISHM as a part of the technical committees that were established around the U.S. These monographs were to be used in teaching short courses at ISHM Symposia.
A two-day workshop was sponsored by ISHM and the OPC to revise the existing Hybrid Microcircuits Design Guide. The Hybrid Laboratory Manual was completed in mid-1983. The ISHM videotape library of educational films was established. A recommendation was made to establish the ISHM Educational Foundation.
The Proceedings for the last two years had been published as a special issue of the ISHM Journal. That practice was discontinued in December 1983. The plan to establish the I/SMT and Materials Divisions of ISHM was finalized. ISHM decided, through its technical committee system, to publish a standard for testing multilayer hybrids. The monograph Assuring the Integrity of Multilayer Substrates resulted from this effort in the summer of 1984.
1984 began with the selection of F. Lee Bailey as the keynote speaker at the 1984 ISHM Symposium in Dallas. A permanent paper review committee was formed with Dick Himmel of Hughes as chairman. Plans were drafted to have a fully automatic SMT manufacturing line in Dallas in the Fall. A two-day short course on SMT under the tutelage of Greg Caswell was executed in Dallas at the Fall Symposium. This was the first all-SMT short course ever taught.
Eighteen papers were videotaped during the year for inclusion in the ISHM video tape library. ISHM was critiqued by American Society of Association Executives (ASAE) to identify problem areas ISHM might address if it were to grow as a society into the next century. Actions identified were: develop a management structure for ISHM, write a job description for the Executive Director; develop a manage plan on Issues, Objectives, Strategies, Tactics; and consolidate Headquarters in one location. Walt Biddle was hired as the new Executive Director at the December 1984 meeting.
ISHM’s 1983 President was René E. Coté and in 1984, John R. Thome served as President.
1983 Hughes Award/Fellow –Robert Holmes
1983 Ashman Award – John Bauer
1983 Wagnon Technical Achievement Award –Roydn D. Jones, Nihal Sinnadurai
1983 Corporate Recognition Award – Tektronix, Inc.
1983 Fellow – John Bauer, James E. Byrum, Edward M. Gildein, Robert D. Gold, Gerald Goldstein, James R. Keski
1984 Hughes Award – Donald T. DeCoursey
1984 Ashman Award – John (Jack) W. Balde
1984 Wagnon Technical Achievement Award – Rudolph J. Bacher, Sei-Ichi Denda, John P. Farrell, Cornelius Y. Huang, Stewart G. Stalnecker, Paul Totta
1984 Corporate Recognition Award – AMI Corporation
1984 Fellow – Robert V. Allen, Russell Atkinson, John (Jack) W. Balde, George G. Harman, Tokio Muto, Jason D. Provance, David T. Somerville
The second annual conference of the IEPS was held at the Sheraton Harbor Village Inn in San Diego, California. This site would become one of the favorites of the membership and IEPS would return there often. Charlie Harper became President in 1983. The third annual Conference was held in Itasca, IL, in 1983. In 1984, the first corporate member was signed up and membership reached 1000. The fourth annual Conference was held in Baltimore, MD, in 1984.
In March of 1984, the IEPS entered into a contract with Birchtree Associates, a firm formed by Bill Ashman, to manage the affairs of the Society. The contract was for $27,000 per year. The Society began to realize that finances had to be managed and budgets, financial statements and audits were formalized.
A new Society had been conceived, born and grown into a major entity that successfully accomplished its objective of elevating the profession of electronic package engineering to a recognizable and appreciated entity. The Society had succeeded in providing a forum for the exchange of technical information and created a journal to help in that venture. In addition, an international chapter had been formed in England.
Walt Biddle was introduced as the new Executive Director for the Society in 1985. The Executive Council approved the recommendation of the Consolidation/Relocation Committee to consolidate the Headquarters offices in Washington, DC, and that motion passed unanimously. Robert Jung accepted the chairmanship of the new Materials Division and was assisted in the establishment of this division by Carl Missele and Jeanne Pavio.
During 1985, the Executive Council voted to have ISHM Headquarters formulate an application to establish a Foundation. This application was to be presented to the Executive Council. ISHM reincorporated in the District of Columbia. Richard Breck became the Director of Meetings in November of 1985.
During 1986, the Executive Council implemented employment services as another member benefit. The Executive Council provided for the formation of a task force to work with the Executive Director to outline, in considerable detail, a proposal to include recommendations for the government and bylaws of the Educational Foundation. Dr. Sidney Stein submitted a report on the Task Force and a proposal outlining the purpose, objectives, and composition of the Education Foundation, including a proposed budget for 1987/1988. President Jim Keski directed the task force to proceed with the legal creation of this Foundation. The task force prepared an initial slate of nominees for the Trustees Committee.
During 1986, Dr. Joseph Siewick became ISHM's new Technical Director. Steps were taken so that the 1987 Symposium's best technical paper at the Symposium would receive a cash award of $1000 in addition to a commemorative plaque.
In 1985 Alan M. Hirschberg was President and James R. Keski followed him in 1986.
1985 Hughes Award – David R. Somerville
1985 Ashman Award – Bill M. Hargis
1985 Technical Achievement Award – Jerry E. Sergent
1985 Corporate Recognition Award – Heraeus Cermalloy, Inc.
1985 Fellow – J. P. Bradley, Bill M. Hargis, Alan M. Hirschberg, Vernon B. Powers, Joseph A. Scordato, John A. Wagnon
1986 Hughes Award – René E. Coté
1986 Ashman Award – Dimitry G. Grabbe
1986 Technical Achievement Award – Gregory K. Caswell, David K. Flattery, Akira Ikegami
1986 Corporate Recognition Award – Electro-Science Laboratories, Inc.
1986 Fellow – Dimitry G. Grabbe, Robert Holmes, Tadashi Kubota, Dietrich E. Riemer, John R. Thome
The fifth annual IEPS Conference was held in Orlando, FL, in 1985 and the first issue of the Quarterly IEPS technical journal was published.
During 1987 the Executive Council approved advertising in Inside ISHM again and the Membership Directory. A network bulletin board was installed to facilitate communication with the membership of ISHM. The Executive Council approved a dues increase from $30 to $50. ISHM passed a resolution to support airfare and motel costs for Executive Council members in an effort to encourage more participation of the membership to stand for national elective office. A more extensive short course program was devised to supplement the offerings of the national symposium including author-paid tutorials.
During 1987 and 1988, the Executive Committee and Executive Director established requirements, solicited applicants, reviewed candidates, and hired a new Technical Director for ISHM Headquarters. The Executive Council approved and accepted site locations, dates, and rotation schedule for future meetings through the year 2010. ISHM established resolutions joining with IPC to create the Hybrid Marketing Research Council (HMRC) to focus on hybrid market status and directing ISHM to provide strong influence on the direction the HMRC takes.
Paul F. Parks, Sr. was President in 1987 and Manford H. Williamson was President in 1988.
1987 Hughes Award – Richard P. Himmel
1987 Ashman Award – Werner Engelmaier
1987 Technical Achievement Award – Harry K. Charles, Jr., Charles Kuo, Stanley Ruthberg (posthumously)
1987 Corporate Recognition Award – The Boeing Company
1987 Fellow – Roger L. Cadenhead, Donald T. DeCoursey, Werner Engelmaier, Ray P. Petit, Allen B. Timberlake
1988 Hughes Award – George D. Lane
1988 Ashman Award – George G. Harman
1988 Technical Achievement Award – J. P. Bradley
1988 Corporate Recognition Award – Hughes Aircraft Company (Tucson)
1988 Fellow – Ira L. Custman (posthumously)
During 1989 and 1990, ISHM embraced MCMs as an energy technology and organized appropriate technical meetings. During this time ISHM established a regular schedule for advanced technology workshops (ATWs) by identifying key technology issues for discussion and establishing various meeting sites throughout the states to hold these workshops. More so than ever in the past, ISHM involved other professional technical societies in the co-sponsoring of technical meetings, e.g., joint chapter meetings (IEPS, SMTA, etc.) and participation in Surface Mount International.
ISHM became actively involved in the joint sponsorship of HMRC with the IPC. In addition to the technical and educational side of ISHM, the HMRC illustrated that ISHM was beginning to address the marketing and business interests of ISHM's corporate members. To further this aim, ISHM also began to actively participate in the Hybrid Vendor Committee by sponsoring meetings at the annual Symposium, by providing distribution, and gathering feedback from surveys that solicited input about their satisfaction with the Symposium.
ISHM established the National Technical Program Committee (NTPC), the ISHM Educational Foundation, and encouraged more active participation of the local chapters with National ISHM Headquarters. Also, during late 1989 and early 1990, ISHM organized the first leadership conference, inviting representatives of local chapters to attend training meetings and Executive Council meetings in Reston, Virginia.
To help institute what the founding fathers had tried to do in affiliating with other technical societies, ISHM, during 1990, initiated the publication of a joint technical journal by conducting discussions with the IEEE/CHMT, finally deciding to merge its efforts with the IEPS. The first issue was to appear in early 1992, which it did. In the interests of education, ISHM recognized short course instructors as significant contributors to the success of the annual Symposium in keeping with earlier suggested directions of the Executive Council. ISHM initiated a form of remuneration via an honorarium and paid travel expenses for instructors of those short courses.
During 1990 ISHM conceived and started the annual Joint Technology Conference, a conference intended to highlight the two divisions of ISHM, the I/SMT and Materials Division. ISHM began issuance of a combined ISHM Membership Directory and Buyer’s Guide. ISHM, wishing to be ever present with leading edge technologies, identified diamond technology as an emerging technology by co-sponsoring a meeting with Auburn University.
In keeping with ISHM’s desire to present an image as a leading-edge technology organization, ISHM considered a name change to enhance the industry's perception of its focus and direction. Finally, the year 1990 saw ISHM begin the formation of local ISHM chapters in countries previously belonging to the Eastern Bloc, e.g., Hungary, Poland, etc.
James C. Lawson was our 1989 President and Janette P. Williams served as President in 1990.
1989 Hughes Award – Frank W. Kuleska
1989 Ashman Award – Richard C. Landis
1989 Technical Achievement Award – Frank W. Kuleska, Donald J. Spigarelli
1989 Corporate Recognition Award – Not awarded
1989 Fellow – Robert W. Burns, Phillip G. Creter, Paul A. Danner, Werner F. Grundmann, Richard C. Landis
1990 Hughes Award – John A. Wagnon (posthumously)
1990 Ashman Award – Christian M. Val
1990 Technical Achievement Award – Paul Van Loan
1990 Corporate Recognition Award – Raytheon Company
1990 Fellow –
Gary W. Johnson, Carl Missele, Charles Q. Scrantom, Donald J. Spigarelli, George S. Szekely, Christian M. Val
During this period of ISHM's history, the procedure for co-sponsoring meetings with other societies was formalized. This led the way for the joint MCM conference staged in conjunction with the IEPS. The first results of the National Technical Program Committee (NTPC) were realized as that committee finished the selection of a program for the Orlando Symposium.
The joint Journal, published with the efforts of ISHM and the IEPS, was approved with the goal being a peer-reviewed Journal at the end of the process. An expanded slate of Advanced Technology Workshops (ATWs) was approved. There would be five workshops in total.
The Technical Achievement Award was renamed in honor of John Wagnon. The Executive Council approved support for the 1st International MCM conference to be held in Denver jointly with the IEPS.
ISHM became an Illinois Corporation in 1991. For the first time, a session at the National Symposium was open to all attendees including exhibits-only and vendor representatives. The topic was Marketing Issues in the Microelectronic Arena. It was the most attended session at the Symposium in Orlando, Florida.
1992 saw the Executive Council take action to "unbundle" the Symposium Proceedings and return to the former practice of including it in the cost of full symposium registration and, as at the beginning of ISHM's history, setting a charge for members and non-members to purchase it otherwise.
The ISHM Employee Handbook was published. The administrative expenses for the ISHM Foundation were included in the ISHM budget, thereby giving continued life to the Foundation.
The Vendor Newsletter "Exhibit Place" was started. Plans for the 25th Anniversary Symposium in San Francisco, ISHM's birthplace, were finalized. In celebration of the Silver Anniversary, ISHM adopted a new name: ISHM, The Microelectronics Society. The reorganization of the Executive Council was started. The goal was to make the Executive Council of ISHM more responsive to ISHM broad-based member needs as well as to become more cost-effective in supplying member services. The Korean ISHM chapter was chartered in August 1992.
ISHM's President in 1991 was R. Wayne Johnson followed by Andy London in 1992.
1991 Hughes Award – Dietrich Riemer
1991 Ashman Award – George Messner
1991 Technical Achievement Award – W. Kinzy Jones, Alvin H. Weinberg
1991 Corporate Recognition Award – Not awarded
1991 Fellow – Paul H. Beddo, Albert R. Hilbinger, James C. Lawson, George Messner
1992 Hughes Award – Alan M. Hirschberg
1992 Ashman Award – Charles A. Harper
1992 Technical Achievement Award – Rao Tummala
1992 Corporate Recognition Award – IBM Corporation, East Fishkill Facility
1992 Fellow – René E. Coté, Charles A. Harper, W. Kinzy Jones, Loren E. Saar
Late in 1992, Gene DeMichele resigned as Executive Director. Kinzy Jones assumed the role and held it until Richard Breck was named to fill the position. Richard's prior ISHM experience and personal dedication provided the backbone to reverse some negative trends that threatened the Society's existence. Silas Deane joined the ISHM staff in 1994 as Director of Development with a prime responsibility for fundraising for the Foundation and other ISHM programs. Later in 1993, both the Executive Council and the Headquarters staff were reorganized. Cyndy Hernandez was elected as the first Organizational Director, a new position created by the reorganization.
The MCM Conference added an exhibition in 1993 and also included IEEE/ CPMT and EIA as endorsers. They became co-sponsors in 1994. The conference grew dramatically in those two years.
A key student activity at the 1993 Annual Symposium was a seminar on career planning and technology training presented by one of the nation's preeminent career consulting companies. In addition, a special session on managing your career in the turbulent '90s was presented as a special session.
The Society moved in December 1993 to the Centennial Park address in Reston, VA The facility was more functional for Headquarters operations and reduced our lease payments by fifty percent.
Early in 1994, the name "Inside ISHM" was changed to "Advancing Microelectronics." This important change reflected the expansion of ISHM's role as the major technical Society in the microelectronics field. The Society assumed administrative responsibility and control of the HMRC from the IPC and renamed it the Microelectronics Marketing Research Council (MMRC). IPC continued as a partner to the Council. ISHM launched a PR program and hired Scott Tartar, Letvin DeCicho & Battista, to be its publicist.
The first NATO Advanced Research Workshop was organized and held at the end of May 1994. The meeting was cosponsored by NATO and ISHM. For the first time, it brought together scientists and engineers working on MCM-C technology from both eastern and western Europe as well as from the United States. NATO committed funds for a similar project to be held in May 1995 in Budapest, Hungary.
Under the direction of President Harry Charles, Jr. and Treasurer Jim Drehle, the finances of the Society made a dramatic return to fiscal solvency and the minimum fund balance was restored to put the Society on the road to building a strong financial base.
Jack Balde was awarded the First ISHM-IEPS Founders Award. The award, the first such award from both ISHM and IEPS, was for making fundamental contributions to both Societies. The International Symposium was held in Boston, Massachusetts, as the first joint meeting with the American Ceramic Society's Electronics Division.
W. Kinzy Jones was President of ISHM in 1993 and Harry K. Charles was President in 1994.
1993 Hughes Award – James R. Keski
1993 Ashman Award – Wulf H. Knausenberger
1993 Technical Achievement Award – R. Wayne Johnson
1993 Corporate Recognition Award – Mini-Systems, Inc.
1993 Fellow – Greg Caswell, Aicha Elshabini, George S. Freeman, Wulf H. Knausenberger, Norio Miura, Janette R. Thomas, Sigurd R. Wathne
1994 Hughes Award – Jerry Sergent
1994 Ashman Award – James D. Welterlen
1994 Technical Achievement Award – Christian Val
1994 Corporate Recognition Award – CTS Microelectronics
1994 Fellow – R. Wayne Johnson, Dennis C. Keyfauver, James D. Welterlen, Donald C. Wood
A policy was established for revenue sharing with the ISHM Educational Foundation. It was decided that as part of its contribution to the Foundation, ISHM would transfer up to 50% of the fund balance in excess of the Society's budgeted surplus. The Society began seriously considering further changing its name to reflect the expansion of its activities beyond "hybrids."
Although conceived in 1994, work began on the development of international chapters in Mainland China and Brazil and we participated in the tenth anniversary of the India chapter. Contacts were made and meetings were held with interested individuals in China and Brazil. A delegation attended the anniversary meeting in Bangalore, India, in February 1996.
The first Pan-Pacific Microelectronics Symposium was held in Hawaii and approximately 150 people attended. Nearly half of the attendees came from outside of the U.S. and included a number of high level executives from Japan, Korea, Singapore, Taiwan and Australia.
An ATW addressing wireless communications was launched in 1995. It gained Conference status the next year when approximately 160 people attended the Wireless Conference in Boulder, CO. Roger Marks was appointed by IMAPS to be General Chair of the conference that was co-sponsored by NIST and IEEE/CPMT.
The Proceedings debuts on CD-ROM at the 1995 International Symposium in Los Angeles, California. ISHM’s home page is created through the generosity of Hewlett-Packard and Virginia Tech. Fred Barlow of Virginia Tech is credited with this significant development in Society history.
In early 1996, the International Electronic Packaging Society (IEPS) approached ISHM with the prospect of merging the two societies. After approval by the Executive Committee, a select committee was formed to proceed with negotiations. The merger, name change and new bylaws were approved by an overwhelming majority of the membership of both Societies in August 1996. James Drehle and René Coté signed the documents at the Annual Symposium in Minneapolis and the merger was officially completed in November 1996.
The Educational Foundation and the domestic chapters of ISHM were also merged into the newly formed International Microelectronics And Packaging Society — IMAPS.
George Harman was President in 1995 and Rao Tummala in 1996.
1995 Hughes Award – Gregory Caswell
1995 Ashman Award – F. Wayne Martin
1995 Technical Achievement Award – Terry Bloom, Richard Brown, Rodomir Kuzel (posthumously)
1995 Corporate Recognition Award – Ablestik, EMC/EMCA-REMEX Products
1995 Fellow – Ronald P. Anjard, Charles Brown, Hugh J. Curnan, Richard W. Gehman, Andy London, F. Wayne Martin
1996 Hughes Award – W. Kinzy Jones
1996 Ashman Award – E. Bruce Hultmark
1996 Technical Achievement Award – Aicha Elshabini, Roupen L. Keusseyan
1996 Corporate Recognition Award – State of the Art, Inc.
1996 Fellow – Len Anderson, Harry K. Charles, E. Bruce Hultmark, Soren Norlyng, Jr., Iwao Tachikawa
This was the year that ISHM and the IEPS officially merged and began operating as IMAPS. A logo contest was held among the general membership to design the new logo for the Society. Approximately 150 people submitted designs and $1000 prizes were awarded for the best submissions. This resulted in the new logo, which was officially unveiled at the Annual Symposium in Philadelphia in October 1997. The European Liaison Committee of ISHM voted to become IMAPS Europe at the 11th European Microelectronics Conference in Venice, Italy.
In Japan, SHM merged the International Microelectronics Conference with IEEE's IEMT meeting and held the 1st ISHM/ IEMT Symposium.
In April, Robert Stengel was named Director of Business Services. Janet Kingston was named Associate Director of Development and Nancy Stengel was named Associate Director of Marketing.
A Ceramic Interconnect Initiative was created that was made a part of PR2000 within the MMRC structure.
This group, chaired by René Coté, launched an effort to create a roadmap of ceramic interconnection technology and cooperated with the IPC to include it in the IPC electronic interconnection roadmap. It also surveyed the membership to update ceramic circuit design rules.
Two new Executive Committee positions were created to reflect the increased scope of the Society. A bylaws change was approved to create a Vice President International and Vice President Information.
A delegation was sent to Mainland China and to Brazil to assist in launching chapters in both of these locations. The charter for China was approved and was awaiting Chinese government approval before being implemented. Dr. Fuhan Liu, a Chinese scholar, was sent to the U.S. for one year to learn how to administer the Society's affairs. He spent six months working with the IMAPS staff in Reston.
The International Symposium in Philadelphia once again hosted a joint meeting with the American Ceramic Society's Electronics Division.
IMAPS 1997 - 30th International Symposium on Microelectronics was held in Philadelphia, PA.
James R. Drehle was the first President of IMAPS in 1997.
1997 Hughes Award – R. Wayne Johnson
1997 Ashman Award – Michael Pecht
1997 Wagnon Technical Achievement Award – Kashmir Mittal
1997 Corporate Recognition Award – Motorola Ceramic Products
1997 Fellow – Robert W. Bibby, Delip R. Bokil, Fumio Miyashiro, Michael Pecht
The Society was focused on the perennial conflict of the technical vs. the commercial interests of the membership. This conflict came to a head when the ceramic initiative requested formal recognition and an operating budget and this initiative was opposed by some who believed that the Society should focus on technical rather than commercial activities. A committee was commissioned to study how the Society should address industry initiatives.
The committee submitted its "Draft Report, Findings, and Recommendations on IMAPS Industry Initiatives." The proposal provided up to $75,000 in the 1999 budget for activities of the Ceramic Industry Initiative (CII). The report was submitted by W. Kinzy Jones, Chair, and endorsed by Harry K. Charles, Jr., Past President; James Drehle, Past President; James Lawson, Organizational Director; Andy London, Past President; Mary McDonald, Past President and the Executive Council approved its recommendations. The CII had its official start.
Two positions were created to facilitate implementation of Advanced Technology Workshops. These positions were the national ATW Chair and Co-Chair. Their charter was to configure the agenda of workshops for the current and subsequent years to assure a structure that was both innovative and beneficial to the Society and its members.
René Coté resigned as Vice President of Membership.
Ray Petit was appointed Northwest Regional Director.
R. Wayne Johnson was appointed Vice President of Information Dissemination.
Mary McDonald was appointed Vice President of Membership.
The first ceramic technology roadmap was published as part of the National Electronics Manufacturing Initiative (NEMI) Roadmap 1998 project.
IMAPS 1998 - 31st International Symposium on Microelectronics was held in San Diego, CA.
Philip E. Garrou was IMAPS President in 1998.
1998 Hughes Award – Harry K. Charles, Jr.
1998 Ashman Award – Jerry E. Sergent
1998 Wagnon Technical Achievement Award – Randall C. Ragan
1998 Corporate Recognition Award – Chip Supply, Inc.
1998 Fellow – Hans O. Danielsson, Sei-Ichi Denda, Gabor Harsany, Benedykt Licznerski, Mary McDonald, Nihal Sinnadurai
The President and President-Elect were authorized to proceed with the acquisition of a Headquarters facility in Washington, DC, with a purchase price up to $600,000, provided that IMAPS is able to obtain sales tax exemption and a commercial real estate exemption in the District of Columbia. Planned occupancy of the facility was projected for October 2000.
The Society chartered the Beehive Chapter of IMAPS in the Southwestern Region. The IMAPS Journal was converted to CD. An agreement was signed with Miller-Freeman to jointly manage the HDI Expo in Phoenix and the MCM Conference in Denver.
The Society established an annual report to the membership. This was never done before. Also, the first IMAPS strategic plan was developed to help other Presidents-elect transition into each year smoothly via the strategic plan rather than beginning all over again from year-to-year. The move to Washington, DC, prompted the Society to successfully implement a telecommuting program for full time staff.
IMAPS 1999 - 32nd International Symposium on Microelectronics was held in Chicago, IL.
James T. Cook was IMAPS President in 1999.
1999 Hughes Award – Andy London
1999 Ashman Award – Christian Belady
1999 Wagnon Technical Achievement Award – Lee R. Levine
1999 Corporate Recognition Award – Scrantom Engineering, Inc.
1999 Fellow – Christian Belady, Arthur W. Dobie, Koji Nihei
The Executive Council authorized the President and Executive Director to purchase a Headquarters office in Washington, DC.
Another significant act was the initiative to broaden the rubric of the Marketing Council to automatically include all corporate members, while raising the corporate dues. The result was an inclusive, vigorous and effective Corporate Marketing organization that provides a unique benefit to members, unmatched by any of our fraternal but competing societies.
A major thrust of the Society during this period was the vigorous international outreach it undertook. Although a stated part of the ISHM/IMAPS charter, there was a renewed effort in this area during the period 1998-2001. A major goal of President Paul Van Loan was to strengthen the Society’s bonds with the rapidly growing Asian Chapters, and significant steps were taken in that direction. In addition, during this period charters were presented to Slovenia, Israel and Russia.
The position title of Vice President of Information Dissemination was changed to Vice President of Information, and Mary McDonald accepted the position. The position of VP of International Development was eliminated and those responsibilities were assigned to the office of Past President.
The second ceramic technology roadmap was produced as part of the NEMI Roadmap 2000 project. After the activity was completed, Howard Imhof assumed the chairmanship for future efforts.
IMAPS 2000 - 33rd International Symposium on Microelectronics was held in Boston, MA.
Paul R. Van Loan was IMAPS President in 2000.
2000 Hughes Award – John (Jack) W. Balde
2000 Ashman Award – Philip E. Garrou
2000 Wagnon Technical Achievement Award – Samuel J. Horowitz
2000 Corporate Recognition Award – Kyocera, Inc.
2000 Fellow – Peter G. Barnwell, Roberto Dell’Acqua, Samuel F. Forman, Philip Garrou, Yoshikazu Nakamura
2001 was a year mixed with many highs and a few lows. There were several successful ATWs focused on CSPs, MEMS, digital interconnections above “2001” MHz, handsets, Bluetooth, broadband and LMDS. The Society also held the 1st Flip Chip Conference and Exhibition after several years as an ATW.
IMAPS completed the HQ 2000 activity by moving into our new Headquarters building in Washington, DC, with a dedication and ribbon cutting.
IMAPS also made a successful transition to a web-based society by transitioning the Journal, the Proceedings, the Industry Guide and ATW presentations to the web site. We also began web-based advertising which provided a new source of revenue.
For the 1st time an ATW was linked with a student chapter by holding the Optoelectronics workshop in Bethlehem, PA.
Internationally, the 1st Chapter meeting of the Russian Chapter was held in Moscow. A very successful conference was held at the Moscow Institute of Electronic Technology. The 1st meeting of the newly formed Asian Liaison Committee (ALC) was also held so that collaborative meetings could be held in Asia similar to the ELC in Europe.
IMAPS 2001 - 34th International Symposium on Microelectronics was held at the Baltimore Convention Center, Baltimore, Maryland.
Greg Caswell was IMAPS President in 2001.
2001 Hughes Award – Paul F. Parks, Sr. (posthumously)
2001 Ashman Award – Not Awarded
2001 Wagnon Technical Achievement Award – Ephraim Suhir
2001 Corporate Recognition Award – Sefar America – MEC Division
2001 International Award – Marcio Biasoli
2001 Fellow – Paul E. Collander, Bernard Greenstein, William J. Greig
This was a challenging time which started with the Society in some disarray due to the impeachment and removal of the 2002 President. This matter took up a considerable amount of the Executive Council’s time but after the transition, efforts were increasingly concentrated on developing the Society for the future. The support and advice of the Advisory Council at this difficult time was invaluable.
Major changes were made to the constitution of the Microelectronics Market Research Council – MMRC – under the new leadership of Mike O’Neill.
On the administrative side, finances were a major concern but careful stewardship by Treasurer Steve Capp kept the Society in the black. Richard Breck, the long standing Executive Director announced his intention to retire at the end of 2004 and plans started to recruit his successor. There was also a major revision of the Policies and Procedures and changes to the Bylaws thanks to the Society’s Secretary Larry Rexing and his team.
International visits were made to Europe (UK, Nordic, France, and Germany), Brazil, Japan, China, Israel and Taiwan. Enthusiastic support was shown by the chapters, but there was a lack of structure to the international activities. The Asia Liaison Committee – ALC – was formed as a step in the move towards a more Global society to represent our Global industry.
A particular effort was made to visit local chapters in the USA and this received excellent input from members with comments both positive and negative! Significantly, there was a reformation of the Northern California Chapter under the leadership of Anwar Mohammed, and increased activity in other chapters.
The program of ATWs continued to develop and was one of our best supported activities. The Ceramics ATW moved to become a Conference. New ATWs came on line and a plan to combine several of these into a spring “Packaging Conference” was developed under the leadership of Wayne Johnson. As with the MMRC changes this has subsequently led to a successful event, under Andy Strandjord, that is proving to be a major event for the Society.
President Barnwell chaired a Society marketing task force that developed recommendations on how to market the Society’s services to members and how to also market the Society’s events and technology to end users. Greg Caswell chaired the effort.
A wide ranging effort was organized by Roger Cadenhead to develop a “Certified Microelectronics and Packaging Engineer” program.
Dues were increased for both individual and corporate memberships.
IMAPS 2002 - 35th International Symposium on Microelectronics was held at the Colorado Convention Center, Denver, Colorado.
IMAPS 2003 - 36th International Symposium on Microelectronics was held at the Hynes Convention Center, Boston, Massachusetts.
Peter Barnwell was IMAPS President from August 2002 through November 2003.
2002 Hughes Award – Rao R. Tummala
2002 Ashman Award – Leonard W. Schaper
2002 Wagnon Technical Achievement Award – Theodore G. Tessier
2002 Corporate Recognition Award – Semi Dice, Inc.
2002 International Award – Hans Danielsson
2002 Fellow – Kaoru Hashimoto, Herbert Neuhaus, Stanislaw Nowak, Leonard Schaper, Rao R. Tummala
2003 Hughes Award – Nihal Sinnadurai
2003 Ashman Award – René E. Coté
2003 Wagnon Technical Achievement Award – Masahide Tsukamoto
2003 Corporate Recognition Award – Ferro Corporation
2003 International Award – Karel Kurzweil
2003 Fellow – Selim Achmatowicz, Don Brown, Shen-Li Fu, Harvey Smith
Each year presents a wide variety of challenges and 2004 was no different. One of the major challenges was the replacement of Richard Breck as IMAPS’ Executive Director. W. Kinzy Jones was appointed Chairman. He brought unique experience and qualifications to the task as he was not only a Past-President, but also a Past Executive Director. Michael O’Donoghue was hired as the new IMAPS Executive Director, effective September 1.
Greg Caswell submitted the Symposium Task Force Report with many important recommendations. In particular, a National Symposium Committee with a Symposium Marketing Chair was proposed to provide continuity from year to year. The Executive Council approved the recommendations and Greg was appointed the first Symposium Marketing Chair with a multi-year tenure.
The Executive Council decided that the 40th Symposium would be held in either San Jose or Santa Clara, CA, in 2007, the birthplace of ISHM.
Wayne Johnson proposed a major restructuring of the National Technical Committee, a new slogan and a new logo to better reflect and define IMAPS. “Everything in electronics between the chip and the system” was adopted after receiving permission from the UK Chapter Chairman, Steve Muckett.
It was decided that HiTEC would be held on even-numbered years and the European counterpart, HITEN on odd-numbered years. A relationship was established between IMAPS and ACerS to produce a joint 2005 Ceramics conference.
The Journal was terminated and replaced with a new journal under a new name. Doug Bokil was appointed Editor. The multiple email flashes were consolidated into a weekly “Bulletin.” In addition, the Society developed member email @ IMAPS domain as a new member benefit.
A new student chapter was chartered at the University of Buffalo and the Florida Chapter was reactivated.
A “new” International Conference on Device Packaging was born and scheduled for March 2005 in Scottsdale, AZ. An International Technical Committee was named. General Chair was Wayne Johnson with Technical Co-Chairs Ted Tessier and Andy Strandjord.
A membership initiative to bring a global IMAPS into one organization was started and called “International Membership Unification.” The reunification of IMAPS and its International Chapters was deemed to reflect the growing worldwide globalization trend in our industry.
IMAPS 2004 - 37th International Symposium on Microelectronics was held at the Long Beach Convention Center, Long Beach, California.
Phillip J. Zulueta was IMAPS President in 2004.
2004 Hughes Award – James J. Licari
2004 Ashman Award – Rajan Chanchani
2004 Wagnon Technical Achievement Award – Daniel I. Amey
2004 Corporate Recognition Award – Stellar Industries
2004 International Award – Shen Li Fu
2004 Fellow – Rajen Chanchani, Yoshitaka Fufuoka, Leszek Golonka, John Graves, Thomas J. Green
The year was marked by a number of initiatives that were either new or continued and strengthened. Probably the one with the longest lasting impact was better integration of the technical and commercial sides of the Society, in large part through the initiative of Mike O'Neill and the Global Business Council.
Another effort was to continue ongoing efforts to strengthen ties with all IMAPS regions and chapters around the world. Interface meetings and calendar coordination were formalized. The importance was to assure that the Society be recognized as the preferred conduit for information in the rapidly increasing global technologies that represent our members’ long-term business and personal interests.
IMAPS 2005 - 38th International Symposium on Microelectronics was held at the Pennsylvania Convention Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Bruce M. Romenesko was IMAPS President in 2005.
2005 Hughes Award – Peter Barnwell
2005 Ashman Award – Not Awarded
2005 Wagnon Technical Achievement Award – Itsuo Watanabe
2005 Corporate Recognition Award – Heraeus Incorporated – Circuit Materials Division
2005 International Award – Sei-Ichi Denda
2005 Fellow – Michal Ciez, Lee R. Levine, Yuzo Shimada, Ernie Vasvary
The San Diego Symposium was a good technical meeting. Although there had been high hopes for the Philadelphia Symposium, it was a smaller show. We focused on strengthening the technical program of the Symposium, the ATWs and added an emerging technology workshop for San Diego.
The Society recognized that membership is shrinking. We decided that if the Society were to remain viable we needed to move up the food chain and focus on the Microelectronics Industry. A small group was formed to analyze all the papers in Philadelphia and to develop the current pyramid structure. This gives the Society and its volunteers a way to look at industries, systems and applications areas within those industries. The design areas need to support the systems and applications; and the materials and processes need to make new products successful. This is a key to the future success of IMAPS.
The Device Packaging Conference was redesigned and co-located with ATWs to keep the focus on small technology areas. The result was a 50% growth and the conference is now in good shape.
A World Liaison committee was formed, made up of ELC, ALC, and IMAPS North America. This committee focused on a global calendar, Advancing Microelectronics and communications around the world. International relationships are now stronger and all groups are working together.
IMAPS also made an entry into China by enlisting the CEPS (China Electronics Packaging Society) and Professor Bi to develop a Translated Session for the 2007 Symposium.
The Sidney J. Stein Educational Foundation was reorganized and renamed The Microelectronics Foundation.
IMAPS 2006 - 39th International Symposium on Microelectronics was held at the San Diego Convention Center, San Diego, California.
James R. Drehle was IMAPS President in 2006.
2006 Hughes Award – Aicha Elshabini
2006 Ashman Award – Roupen Keusseyan
2006 Wagnon Technical Achievement Award – Art Dobie
2006 Corporate Recognition Award – Natel Engineering Co., Inc.
2006 Sidney J. Stein International Award – Soren Norlyng
2006 Lifetime Achievement Award – George G. Harman
2006 Fellow – Aicha Elshabini, George G. Harman, Roupen Keusseyan, David Malanga, Shinichi Wakabayashi, Alvin Weinberg
Mike Ehlert – President
Steve Adamson - President-Elect
Jim Drehle – 1st Past President
The 2006 Symposium (IMAPS 2006) was a great success with the best attendance in years. It was marked by increasing international participation from both Europe and Asia.
The 2007 Symposium was held in San Jose and celebrated the 40th anniversary of ISHM/IMAPS, paper submissions set a new volume record, technical content was high as well, many worthwhile papers were sent to poster session due to lack of room. This symposium marked the first ever Chinese translated session, building on the successful Japanese translated sessions. We had more submissions here than there was space available.
Communications with local chapters were improved by a series of periodic on line meetings between the Regional Directors, Headquarters and the local chapters.
The roles of the Regional Directors were recast to place additional support on Student Chapters and Corporate Members.
The highly successful Denver based CICMT joint venture with ACeRS (successor to “Ceramics the Next Generation”) has gone international with an agreement holding the 2008 meeting in Munich Germany, returning to Denver in 2009. Asia (Japan) is requesting the honor of hosting the conference in 2010.
The LTCC Standards Special Interest Group was kicked off at IMAPS 2007 and has proved to be a huge success bringing together everyone from materials scientists through developers and producers and OEMs in one place for a common purpose. This is increasing our penetration to the OEM designer market.
IMAPS has worked into the volume I/C industry though participation in the annual Semicon Conference. Initially we presented a series of selected papers at a focus session in the Exhibition. If all goes well we hope to expand or role next year.
We have made an agreement with CEPS (China Electronic Packaging Society) for mutual support. This will aid us in expanding our Chinese IMAPS chapters. Additionally they will aid us in holding the Chinese Translated session and they have asked us to make a plenary keynote presentation at future ICEPT conferences in China.
We are moving to place our “Body of Knowledge” available for online access and want to complement it with electronic Professional Development Courses and an e-Community to speed work on joint projects.
Here are a few key statistics from the 2008 Symposium relative to the 2007 Symposium held in San Jose, CA, USA.
Total number of attendees was 10% lower primarily due some last minute session cancellations caused by visa problems & company travel restrictions
The Exhibit hall traffic was 47% higher!
The PDC registrations were 8% higher
The number of exhibit personnel was lower as companies cut back on the number of personnel staffing their booths.
The number of booths sold was only 1.5% lower. Considering the state of the economy & the timing, the symposium was a huge success!
-Status of the Technical Committee: Reorganization complete, 20 committees
-HITEN in UK first International ATW sponsored by HQ
-Attended IMAPS-India EMIT conference in Dec 2008 disappointed in inability to increase membership. Most members part of the defense establishment.
-Membership Status: 4,046 members, higher than low of 2006, declining membership but rate of decline has slowed
-Publications Status: Journal: good shape
-Spring Conference of IMAPS Global Business Council (GBC) and the Device Packaging Conference (DPC) held in Scottsdale, AZ. Last year we had a record turnout. This year we scaled down the conferences to some degree in view of the economic conditions & travel restrictions placed by employers on their employees. Nevertheless, the attendance numbers beat our expectations!
-iKnow upload & activity status: Currently loaded 2003-2009.
13,000+ “user sessions” (unique visits) in June – on same level now as average visits to Advancing Micro online
3rd highest traffic page behind homepage and abstracts preview (our programs) – ranked ahead of AM for first time in June
Critical issue to lower hotel commits
-One World membership: Serious objections by ELC leaders & also ALC leaders & several negative feedbacks from the members of the Advisory Council resulted in me accepting Dr. Kinzy Jones, Sr as the leader of a Task Force to deal with the worsening relations between IMAPS & IMAPS-ELC & IMAPS-ALC. He, Andy London & I met the leaders of the ELC & ALC at the Rimini conference in June 2009. Following this, Andy London made a presentation to the EC during their meeting in Palo Alto in July 2009.
The Society has gone through many trials and many changes over the 40+ years of its existence. The one thing that has never changed is an unending commitment to be the premiere entity dedicated to the dissemination of technical and commercial information about electronic packaging. The mission statement of the Society is “IMAPS leads the Microelectronics Packaging, Interconnect and Assembly Community, providing means of communicating, educating and interacting at all levels.” The Society was formed by a group of people who had a common need to understand a new packaging technology. A seminar was organized in Silicon Valley before it really became known by that name. To the organizers' surprise, their objectives were shared by a much larger group of people than they had visualized, and thus a new and lasting entity was born. Members of our Society have made significant contributions to the world we live in. They have been and continue to be the glue that holds technological advances together. Hopefully, the industry will continue to grow and the Society will adapt and continue to grow with the industry.